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Reproductive Health

Reproductive Health PDF Notes, Important Questions and Synopsis



  • Reproductive health is the total well-being in all aspects of reproduction, i.e. physical, emotional, behavioural and social.

  • Amniocentesis is a technique of drawing amniotic fluid and testing it to find out the sex and disorders of the foetus.

  • Population explosion is the enormous increase in human population occurring in nature as a result of the rapid decline in the death rate and the increase in the birth rate.

  • Contraceptive Methods

    Natural Methods

    • Abstinence

    • Coitus interruptus

    • Lactational amenorrhea

    Barrier Methods

    • Condoms

    • Diaphragms

    • Cervical caps

    • Vaults

    Chemical Methods

    • Spermicides

    Oral Contraceptive Pills

    • Mini pills

    • Combined pills

    Intrauterine Devices

    • Non-mediated IUDs

    • Hormone-releasing IUDs

    Surgical Methods

    • Vasectomy (Males)

    • Tubectomy (Females)

  • Intentional or voluntary termination of pregnancy before the full term of pregnancy is called medical termination of pregnancy (MTP) or induced abortion.

  • Diseases or infections which are transmitted through sexual intercourse are collectively called sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or venereal diseases (VDs) or reproductive tract infections (RTIs).

  • Types of STDs

  • Infertility is the failure to conceive within one or more years of regular unprotected coitus.

  • Types of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART)

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