Morphology of Flowering Plants
Morphology of Flowering Plants PDF Notes, Important Questions and Synopsis
- Morphology is the branch of biology which deals with form, size, structure and relative position of various organs of a living organism.
- Root is the non-green part of the plant which grows below the ground.
- Types of Root Systems
- Modifications of Roots
The stem is the ascending part of the axis bearing leaves, flowers, buds, fruits and branches.
Modifications of Stem
- A leaf is a green, flattened structure which develops at the node of a stem
Venation in Leaves
Types of Leaves
Pinnately Compound Leaf
Palmately Compound Leaf
- Phyllotaxy is the pattern or arrangement of leaves on the stem or branch.
- Modifications of Leaf
- The flower is a modified reproductive shoot in angiosperms.
A true fruit is a mature, ripened ovary.
After fertilisation, ovules develop into seeds.
A floral diagram provides information about the number of floral parts, arrangement of floral parts and relation of floral parts with one another.
A floral formula shows cohesion and adhesion within parts of whorls and between whorls.
Floral Formulae and Floral Diagrams of Some Important Families:
- The Living World
- Biological Classification
- Plant Kingdom
- Animal Kingdom
- Anatomy of Flowering Plants
- Structural Organisation in Animals
- Cell : The Unit of Life
- Cell Cycle and Cell Division
- Transport in Plants
- Mineral Nutrition
- Photosynthesis in Higher Plants
- Respiration in Plants
- Plant Growth and Development
- Digestion and Absorption
- Breathing and Exchange of Gases
- Body Fluids and Circulation
- Excretory Products and their Elimination
- Locomotion and Movement
- Neural Control and Coordination
- Chemical Coordination and Integration
- Reproduction in Organisms
- Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants
- Human Reproduction
- Reproductive Health
- Principles of Inheritance and Variation
- Molecular Basis of Inheritance
- Human Health and Disease
- Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production
- Microbes in Human Welfare
- Biotechnology : Principles and Processes
- Biotechnology and its Applications
- Organisms and Populations
- Biodiversity and Conservation
- Environmental Issues