CBSE Class 12-commerce Syllabus

The CBSE Class 12 Commerce Syllabus at TopperLearning lists all the subjects and their chapters which form the portion of CBSE Class 12 Commerce. The syllabus is detailed and also mentions the marks distribution and weightage for each chapter in the board exam. This detailed view helps students decide which chapters they should focus on. It gives students a brief introduction to the chapters along with the marks and lists the units of each chapter. To understand each topic from the syllabus, refer to our revision notes, video lessons, textbook solutions, past years’ papers, sample papers, MCQs, MIQs etc. Scroll down to get the syllabus of all the core subjects.

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  • Economics  |  View Syllabus

    • Macroeconomics

      National Income Accounting

      • Income method and Expenditure method
      • Circular Flow of Income
      • Macroeconomic Aggregates
      • Classification of Goods and Value Added Method
      • Income and Expenditure Method
      • Some Basic Concepts of Macroeconomics
      • Circular Flow of Income and Methods of Calculating National Income

      Money and Banking

      • Barter System and Evolution and Functions of Money
      • Demand and Supply of Money
      • Commercial Banks & Money Creation Process
      • Functions of RBI and Instruments of Monetary Policy
      • The Supply of Money

      Income Determination

      • Multiplier Mechanism, Deficit and Excess Demand
      • Aggregate Demand and its Components
      • Aggregate Supply and its Components
      • Equilibrium: AD-AS & S-I Approach and Adjustment Mechanism
      • Multiplier Mechanism and Paradox of Thrift
      • Deficit and Excess Demand
      • Ex Ante and Ex Post
      • The Short Run Fixed Price Analysis of the Product Market

      The Government: Budget and the Economy

      • Government Budget and its Objectives
      • Government Budget and its Measures
      • Budget Deficit and its Measures

      Open Economy Macroeconomics

      • Balance of Payments
      • Exchange rate: Meaning and its types
      • Concept of Balance of Payments
      • Exchange Rate: Meaning and Types
    • Indian Economic Development

      Indian Economy on the Eve of Independence

      • Low Level of Economic Development under the Colonial Rule
      • Agriculture, Industry and Foreign Trade
      • Demography, Occupational Structure and Infrastructure

      Indian Economy 1950-1990

      • The Goals of Five Year Plans
      • Agriculture
      • Industry and Trade

      Economic Reforms Since 1991

      • Concept of Demonetisation
      • Concept of GST
      • Liberalisation
      • Privatisation and Globalisation
      • Indian economy During Reforms: An Assessment

      Poverty

      • Who are the Poor and their identification?
      • The Number of Poor in India and the Causes of Poverty
      • Policies and Programmes Towards Poverty Alleviation and its Critical Assessment

      Human Capital Formation in India

      • Education Sector in India
      • Economic Growth and State of Human Capital Formation in India
      • Concept and Sources of Human Capital Formation

      Rural Development

      • Rural Development and Rural Credit
      • Agricultural Marketing, Diversification of Agricultural Activities and Organic Farming

      Employment: Growth, Informalisation and Other Issues

      • Employment, Types and Participation of People
      • Employment Growth and Informalisation of Indian Workforce
      • Unemployment

      Infrastructure

      • Concept and Importance of Infrastraucture
      • Energy
      • Health

      Environment and Susutainable Development

      • Definition and Functions of Environment
      • State of India’s Environment
      • Sustainable Development and its Strategies

      Comparative Development Experiences of India and its Neighbours

      • Development Strategies of India, China and Pakistan
      • Comparative Study with respect to Demographic Indicators, GDP and HDI
  • Mathematics  |  View Syllabus

    • Relations and Functions

      • Introduction to Relations
      • Introduction to Functions
      • Problems on Functions
      • Composition of Functions
      • Problems on Composition
      • Binary Operations

      Inverse Trigonometric Functions

      • Introduction: Inverse Trigonometry
      • Properties of Inverse Trigonometry

      Matrices

      • Introduction to Matrices
      • Matrix Operations
      • Transpose of A Matrix
      • Elementary Operations

      Determinants

      • Introduction to Determinants
      • Properties of Determinants
      • Properties and Applications of Determinants
      • Minors and Co-factors
      • Solving Simultaneous Equations

      Continuity and Differentiability

      • Continuity
      • Differentiability and Chain Rule
      • Differentiation: Implicit Functions
      • Differentiation of Exponential Functions
      • Logarithmic Functions
      • Differentiation of Parametric Functions
      • Second Order Derivatives
      • Mean Value Theorems

      Applications of Derivatives

      • Rate of Change and Approximations
      • Increasing and Decreasing Functions
      • Tangents and Normals
      • Maxima - Minima - I Derivative Test
      • Maxima - Minima - II Derivative Test

      Integrals

      • Introduction to Integration
      • Integration by Substitution
      • Integrals of Special Functions
      • Integrals of Trigonometric Identities
      • Integration by Partial Fractions
      • Integration by Parts
      • More Problems on Integration
      • Limit of A Sum
      • Properties of Definite Integrals
      • Evaluating Definite Integrals
      • Problems on Definite Integrals

      Applications of Integrals

      • Area Between A Curve and A Line
      • Area Between Two Curves

      Differential Equations

      • Intro: Differential Equations
      • Variable Separable Form
      • Homogenous Differential Equations
      • Linear Differential Equations

      Vector Algebra

      • Introduction to Vector Algebra
      • Properties of Vectors
      • Scalar Product of Two Vectors
      • Cross Product

      Three Dimensional Geometry

      • Introduction to 3-D Geometry
      • Cartesian Equation of A Line
      • Skew Lines
      • Equation of Plane
      • Intercept Form and Family of Planes
      • Distance of A Point From A Plane

      Linear Programming

      • Introduction to Linear Programming
      • Optimal Solution
      • Solution of Linear Programming Problems

      Probability

      • Introduction to Conditional Probability
      • Independent Events
      • Bayes' Theorem
      • Distribution of Random Variables
      • Mean and Variance of A Random Variable
      • Binomial Distribution
  • Business Studies  |  View Syllabus

    • Business Studies Part I

      Nature and Significance of Management

      • Introductory Concepts of Management
      • Nature, Levels & Functions of Management
      • Coordination - The Essence of Management

      Principles of Management

      • Introduction to Principles of Management
      • Taylor's Scientific Management
      • Fayol's Principles of Management
      • Fayol v/s Taylor and Intertemporal Comparisons

      Business Environment

      • Introduction to Business Environment
      • Economic Environment in India

      Planning

      • Introduction to Planning
      • Planning Process and Types of Plans

      Organising

      • Introduction to Organising
      • Organisation Structure
      • Formal Organisation and Informal Organisation
      • Delegation and Decentralisation

      Staffing

      • Introduction to Staffing and its Process
      • Recruitment and its Sources
      • Selection, Training and Development

      Directing

      • Concepts of Directing and Supervision
      • Motivation
      • Leadership
      • Communication

      Controlling

      • Introduction to Controlling
      • Controlling Process
    • Business Studies Part II

      Marketing

      • Marketing, its functions and Philosophies
      • Marketing Mix & Branding
      • Packaging, Labelling & Pricing
      • Physical distribution, Advertising and Personal Selling
      • Sales Promotion, Publicity & Public Relations

      Financial Management

      • Financial Management, Decisions and Planning
      • Capital Structure
      • Fixed & Working Capital

      Financial Markets

      • Concept of Financial Markets and Money Market
      • Capital Market: Primary and Secondary Market
      • Trading Procedure on Stock Exchange & SEBI

      Consumer Protection

      • Concept of Consumer Protection
      • Consumer Rights & Redressal Agencies
  • Accountancy  |  View Syllabus

    • Dissolution of Partnership Firm

      • Introduction to Dissolution and Settlement of Accounts
      • Realisation Account, Partners' Loan Account
      • Treatment of JLP, IFF, Realisation Expenses, Goodwill and WCF
      • Partners' Capital Account and Cash Account

      Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organisation

      • Comprehensive Problems
      • Fund Based Accounting
      • Introduction to NPO & Final Accounts
      • Special Adjustments
      • Subscription Account

      Goodwill: Nature and Valuation

      • Introduction to Goodwill
      • Methods of Valuation of Goodwill

      Accounting for Partnership: Basic Concepts

      • Nature of Partnership and Partnership Deed
      • Profit and Loss Appropriation Account
      • Partners' Capital Account and Cash Account
      • Interest on Capital, Drawings and Partners' Loan
      • Guarantee of Profits
      • Past Adjustments
      • Salary and Commission

      Reconstitution: Change in Existing Profit Sharing Ratio

      • Introduction to Reconstiturion and Calculation of Ratios
      • Treatment of Goodwill, Accumulated Profits and Losses
      • Revaluation and Partners' Capital Account
      • Balance Sheet of Reconstituted Firm

      Reconstitution: Admission of a Partner

      • Calculation of Ratios
      • Goodwill: Valuation and Treatment
      • Revaluation Account, Cash Account and Balance Sheet
      • Adjustment of Capital
      • Introduction to Admission of a Partner
      • Treatment of Reserves, Accumulated Profits and Losses

      Reconstitution: Retirement/Death of a Partner

      • Introduction to Retirement and Death & Calculation of Ratios
      • Treatment of Goodwill in case of Retirement and Death
      • Revaluation of Assets and Liabilities
      • JLP and Disposal of Amount Due to Partner
      • Adjustment of Capital
      • Death of a Partner
      • Treatment of Reserves, Accumulated Profits and Losses

      Accounting for Share Capital

      • Preferential Allotment, Private Placement of Shares and ESOP
      • Introduction to Share Capital
      • Issue of Shares for Cash- Par, Premium and consideration other than cash
      • Full Subscription, Over Subscription and Under Subscription
      • Pro-rata Allotment and Call-in-Arrears/Advance
      • Forfeiture and Re-issue of Shares
      • Transfer to Capital Reserve and Disclosure in Balance Sheet

      Issue of Debentures

      • Debentures: Introduction, Issue for Cash and Consideration other than Cash
      • Issue of Debentures as Collateral Security
      • Subscription of Debentures
      • Issue of Debentures w.r.t. redemption terms
      • Interest on Debentures

      Redemption of Debentures

      • Writing off Losses and Redemption of Debentures
      • Introduction to Redemption of Debentures
      • Redemption by Purchase in Open Market
      • Redemption by Draw of Lots & Conversion
      • Redemption in Lumpsum

      Financial Statements of the Company

      • Meaning and Uses of Financial Statements
      • Income and Position Statements

      Analysis of Financial Statements

      • Comparative Statements
      • Introduction to Financial Statement Analysis
      • Common Size Statements

      Accounting Ratios

      • Ratios: Introduction and Liquidity Ratios
      • Activity Ratios
      • Profitabilty Ratios

      Cash Flow Statements

      • Cash Flow Statement: Classification, Format and Adjustments
      • Important Adjustments
  • Hindi  |  View Syllabus