JEE Physics Physics and Measurement
Physics and Measurement PDF Notes, Important Questions and Synopsis
- Physics domain:
- Macroscopic domain: This includes phenomena at the laboratory, terrestial and astronomical scales. Classical mechanics deals with the macroscopic domain.
- Microscopic domain: This includes atomic, molecular and nuclear phenomena. Quantum mechanics deals with the microscopic domain.
- Four fundamental forces of nature:
Nuclear force (weak)
Very short, sub-nuclear size
Nuclear force (strong)
Short, nuclear size
- Physical quantities:
Measure of physical quantity (Q) = numerical value of physical quantity (n) × size of unit (u) n1u1 = n2u2 = constant
Fundamental quantities, SI unit and their symbols:
Amount of substance
- Conversion of units:
Consider dimensions of a physical quantity as ‘x’ in mass, ‘y’ in length and ‘c’ in time. If the fundamental units in one system are M1, L1 and T1 and in another system are M2, L2 and T2,
- Analysis of dimensional correctness:
Every equation should be dimensionally balanced. This is called ‘principle of homogeneity’. The dimensions of each term must be the same on both sides of the equation.
- Principle of homogeneity:
According to the principle of homogeneity, dimensions of all terms in a physical expression should be the same.
Errors are classified as (i) systematic errors and (ii) random errors.
- If x1, x2, x3 … xn are the measured values of quantities in several measurements, then the mean is
- Absolute errors in measured values are
- If the quantity Z is expressed as a product of quantities A and B, then the maximum fractional error in Z is given by
- If Z = AxByCz, then the maximum fractional error in Z is
- what is solid and plane angle
- In a vernier calipers the main scale and the vernier scale are made up of different materials. When the room temperature increases by ΔToC, it is found that the reading of the instrument remains the same. Earlier it was observed that the front edge of the wooden rod placed for measurement crossed the Nth main scale division and N+2 msd coincided the 2nd vsd. Initially, 10 vsd coincided with 9 msd. If coefficient of linear expansion of the main scale is α1 and that of the vernier scale is α2 then what is the value of α1/α2? (Ignore the expansion of the rod on
- Why is the dimensional formula of Boltzmann constant and gas constant same
- what is a unit
- Why money is not a physical quantity?
- the length,breath and thickness of a rectangular sheet of metal are 4.234 m , 1.005 m , and 2.01 cm respectively. Give area and volume of the sheet upto correct significant figures.
- Find a vector which is perpendicular to both A and B but has a magnitude equal to that of B A=3i^-2j^,b=4i^+3j^-k^
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