explain common ion effect with reference to GrIII precipitation of cations

Asked by ruchira121996 | 27th Mar, 2013, 08:49: PM

Expert Answer:

 
The degree of ionization of an electrolyte is suppressed by the addition of a strong electrolyte containing common ion. This effect is known common ion effect.
 
 
In other words:
The phenomenon of lowering the degree of ionization of a weak electrolyte by adding a solution of a strong electrolyte having a common ion is called common ion effect.
 
Cations of groups IV are precipitated as sulphides by passing H2S gas through the solution in the presence of NH4OH.
  Ionization of NH4OH:
 
NH4OH NH4+ + OH-
In this analysis NH4OH provides OH- ions which combines with H+ ions of H2S to form H2O.
H2 2H+ + S-2        :       H+ +  OH-   H2O
Removal of H+ ions from product side shifts the equilibrium to right and the concentration of S-2 increases which is enough to exceed the KSP of the sulphides of group IV. In this way CoS, NiS or ZnS can easily be precipitated.

 
 

Answered by  | 28th Mar, 2013, 06:30: AM

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