Why in Kolbe's reaction the major product is ortho hydroxy benzoic acid and not para hydroxy benzoic acid ?Please explain in detail.

Asked by  | 27th Jun, 2014, 06:57: PM

Expert Answer:

The mechanism for Kolbe's reaction is as follows:

From the above mechanism, the negative charge get developed on the ortho position. Hence the electrophillic substitution takes place at ortho position abd ortho hydroxy benzoic acid is formed as product.

Answered by Prachi Sawant | 30th Jun, 2014, 11:44: AM