CBSE Class 10 Answered
wire ( length ~ 1 m ) for the demonstration of megnetic field lines near long current carrying wire.
series with the battery, a plug and key.
Let us sprinkle some iron filings uniformly on the cardboard using a salt sprinkler. Let us keep the variable of the rheostat at a fixed
position and note the current through the ammeter.
Let us close the key so that a current flows through the wire and it should be ensured that the copper wire placed
between the points X and Y remains vertically straight.
Let us tap gently the cardboard a few times. It can be observed that that the iron filings align themselves showing
a pattern of concentric circles around the copper wire as shown in figure.
These circles represent the magnetic field lines. Direction of the magnetic field is found by placing a compass at a point (say P) over
a circle. The direction of the north pole of the compass needle will give the direction of the field lines produced by the
It can be observed that direction of magnetic field lines get reversed if the direction of current through the
straight copper wire is reversed.
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