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Homi Bhabha: The Father of the Indian Nuclear Programme


Homi Bhabha: The Father of the Indian Nuclear Programme

Here are some interesting facts about Homi Bhabha.

By Pratibha Yadav 29th Oct, 2015 06:49 pm
Here are some interesting facts about Homi Bhabha:
  • The well-known nuclear physicist Homi Bhabha was born on 30 October 1909 to Jehangir Hormusji Bhabha and Meheren in a Persian family.
  • Bhabha is acknowledged for his contributions towards making India strong in nuclear power. It was Bhabha who came up with a strategy of focusing on extracting power from the country's thorium reserves rather than its scanty uranium reserves. Therefore, he is called the Father of the Indian Nuclear Programme.

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  • In addition to being a scientist, Bhabha also had great interest in painting, botany and classical music. He was a great opera enthusiast. He had a great future ahead in scientific research.
  • Bhabha was the founding director of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) and the Trombay Atomic Energy Establishment which was later renamed Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC).
  • Bhabha started his career in Nuclear Physics in Great Britain. However, during World War 2, he returned to India and stayed back. Here he started working as a reader in Physics at the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru.
  • In January 1933, Bhabha received his Doctorate in Nuclear Physics after publishing his first scientific paper, ‘The Absorption of Cosmic Radiation’. Here he explained the concept of absorption and electron shower production in cosmic rays.
  • He was awarded the Padma Bhushan by the Government of India in 1954.

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