What is the difference between coordination entity and coordination sphere ?

Asked by himanshuneb | 28th Jan, 2019, 10:33: PM

Expert Answer:

Coordination entity:
A coordination entity constitutes a central metal atom or ion bonded to a fixed number of ions or molecules.
Example: In K4[Fe(CN)6], [Fe(CN)6] 4− represents a coordination entity.
 
Coordination sphere:
The central atom/ion and the ligands attached to it are enclosed in a square bracket and is collectively termed the coordination sphere.
Example: In the complex K4[Fe(CN)6], [Fe(CN)6] 4− is the coordination sphere.
 
If enclose the coordination entity in square bracket, and indicate the net charge on the coordination entity, then it is known as coordination sphere. For example, [Fe(CN)6]4-, is the coordination sphere, with Fe(CN)6, as coordination entity.

Answered by Ramandeep | 29th Jan, 2019, 10:26: AM