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ICSE Class 10 Answered

Explain functional group with examples.
Asked by jaiswalsindhuli717 | 12 Nov, 2018, 08:18: PM
Expert Answer
Functional Groups:

All organic compounds are derivatives of hydrocarbons.
The derivatives are obtained by replacing one or more hydrogen atoms with some other atom or a group
of atoms.
The new set of compounds formed after replacement has functions different from the parent hydrocarbon.
 
Functional group:
An atom or a group of atoms present in the molecules, which determines the characteristics property of the organic compounds, is called the functional group.
 
 

Organic compound

Functional group

General formulae

Haloalkanes

Halide-X

(F,Cl,Br,I)

 R-X

Alcohols

Hydroxyl-OH

R-OH

Aldehydes

Aldehyde-CHO

Carboxylic acids

Carboxyl-COOH

Ketones

Keto

Ethers

Ethers

R-O-R’

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