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CBSE Class 10 Grammar Revision Notes for Types of sentences (Meaning)

Types of Sentences – Meaning

What are the Different Types of Sentences?

Sentences often have different functions. They can be grouped according to their purpose into five categories:

  • Declarative or assertive sentences
  • Interrogative sentences
  • Exclamatory sentences
  • Imperative sentences 
  • Optative sentences

 

Declarative or Assertive Sentences

A sentence whose sole function is to state something is known as a declarative or an assertive sentence. In other words, such sentences declare or assert something to the listener or reader. They typically end with a full stop (.).

Interrogative Sentences

The purpose of an interrogative sentence is simply to interrogate or to ask questions. They end with a question mark (?).

 
Imperative Sentences
Some sentences are spoken to convey a request or a command. Such sentences are known as imperative sentences. These sentences can either end with a full stop or an exclamation mark (!). 
It depends on how the sentence is conveyed.  Many imperative sentences begin with a verb instead 
of a noun.
 
 
Exclamatory Sentences
Some sentences express emotions such as fear, happiness, rage or surprise. These sentences are called exclamatory sentences and they always end with an exclamation mark.
 
 
Optative Sentences
Some sentences express a heartfelt wish, prayer or even a curse. Such sentences are called optative sentences. They may end in a full stop or an exclamation mark.
 
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