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CBSE Class 10 Grammar Revision Notes for Determiners

Determiners

What are Determiners?

  • A determiner is a word which is used to modify a noun or a noun phrase.
  • It is a word which provides context or reference to a noun.
  • It can also show the quantity, quality, position or specificity of the noun. 
  • Various parts of speech can function as determiners to the noun.
    • Articles
    • Demonstrative adjectives
    • Numeral adjectives
    • Adjectives of quantity
    • Possessive adjectives

Articles 

Definite Articles

  • Definite articles are used as determiners to express the specificity of the noun.
  • They can be used to refer to singular or plural nouns.
  • They can be used to refer to countable and uncountable nouns.

 

Indefinite Articles

  • Indefinite articles are used to refer to the noun in the general sense.
  • They are used to refer to the noun for the first time. 
    • Example: There is a lady on the phone. (The noun phrase 'a lady' is mentioned for the first time.)
  • They are used to refer to a particular group or class of nouns. 
  • They are used with singular nouns.
  • They are used to refer to countable nouns only.



Demonstrative Adjectives

  • Demonstrative adjectives are used are words to point out a specific noun or noun phrase.
  • That and This are used with singular nouns. Those and These are used with plural nouns.
  • This and These are used to point towards nouns which are nearby. That and Those are used to point towards nouns which are far away.



Numeral Adjectives

  • Numeral adjectives are words which specify the number of the noun.
  • Cardinal numeral adjectives are numbers. (one, two, three)
  • Ordinal numeral adjectives are numerical rankings. (first, second, third)



Adjective of Quantity

  • Adjectives of quantity are words which suggest the quantity of the noun.



Possessive Adjectives

  • Possessive adjectives are used to indicate the possession or ownership of a noun to another.
  • They can be confused with pronouns, but they are actually adjectives.

Grammar Chapters for Revision Notes

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