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MSB Class 10 Science and Technology: Important Concepts

Exam Special

MSB Class 10 Science and Technology: Important Concepts

Here are the Important Concepts for SSC (Class 10) Board Exam of Science and Technology.

By Admin 07th Mar, 2016 04:11 pm

The subject of Science and Technology comprises of Physics, Chemistry and Biology. In this article, we present the most important concepts to study.

Important Topics for MSB Class 10 Physics:

Chapter 4: The Electric Spark 

  • Unit and Definition of Electric Current
  • Electrical Symbols (Objective questions)
  • Ohm’s Law 
  • Numerical based on Ohm’s Law 
  • Electric Potential Difference 
  • Resistors in Series and Parallel 
  • Joule’s Law 
  • Electric Power (Mostly Numericals) 

 Chapter 5: All About Electromagnetism 

  • Properties of Magnetic Field Lines
  • Magnetic Field due to a Straight Current-Carrying Conductor and Right-Hand Thumb Rule
  • Magnetic Field due to a Current-Carrying Circular Coil and Solenoid
  • Fleming’s Left-Hand Rule and Fleming’s Right-Hand Rule
  • Working of Electric Generator

 Chapter 6: Wonders of Light – Part I

  • Laws of Reflection
  • Terms and Sign Conventions Related to Spherical Mirror and Lenses
  • Rules for tracing images formed by Spherical Mirrors and Lenses with Ray Diagrams
  • Numerical Problems and Practical based questions on Mirror Formula and Lens Formula, Power of Lens
  • Ray Diagrams for Image Formation by Spherical Mirror and Lenses.
  • Functions of Various Parts of Human Eye with Diagram
  • Defects of Vision and their Correction
  • Numerical Problems based on Nature of Lens and Power required to correct the Eye Defects.

 Chapter 7: Wonders of Light – Part II

  • Laws of Refraction
  • Definition and Numericals based on Refractive Index
  • Phenomena caused due to Atmospheric Refraction
  • Dispersion and Scattering of Light and their Applications in Daily Life

Important Topics for MSB Class 10 Chemistry:

 Chapter 1: School of Elements

  • Dobereiner’s Triads
  • Newlands’ Law of Octaves
  • Mendeleev’s Periodic Table (Features, Merits, Demerits)
  • Modern Periodic Table
  • Position of Elements in the Periodic Table
  • Position of hydrogen in modern periodic table
  • Trends in the Modern Periodic Table (atomic size, valency, metallic and non-metallic properties)

Chapter 2: The Magic of Chemical Reactions

  • Steps involved in Balancing a Chemical Equation
  • Types of Chemical Reactions
  • Combination reaction
  • Decomposition reaction (Thermal Decomposition and Photochemical Reaction)
  • Exothermic and Endothermic Reaction
  • Double decomposition reaction
  • Displacement reaction
  • Double displacement reaction
  • Oxidation and Reduction reaction (Redox)
  • Reversible reaction
  • Oxidation in and Around You – Corrosion, Rancidity and Antioxidants

Chapter 3: The Acid Base Chemistry

  • Indicators
  • Strength of Acids and Bases: pH Scale
  • Importance of pH in Everyday Life
  • Reaction of Acids and Bases with Metals
  • Reaction of Metal Carbonates and Bicarbonates with Acids
  • Reaction of Acids and Bases - Neutralisation     
  • Reaction of Metallic Oxides with Acids
  • Reaction of Non-Metallic Oxides with Base
  • Ionization of Acids and Bases
  • Family of Salts, its chemical name, chemical formula, preparation and uses.
  • Water Of Crystallization
  • Soap as a Salt

 Chapter 8: Understanding Metals and Non-metals

  • Chemical Properties of Metals
  • Reaction of Metals with Oxygen
  • Amphoteric Nature
  • Reaction of Metals with Water
  • Reaction of Metals with Acids
    • Reactivity Series
    • Reactions of Metals with Solutions of other Metal Salts
    • Reaction of Metals with Chlorine
    • Formation and Properties of Ionic Compounds
    • Mineral & Ores
    • Minerals, Ores, Gangue, Metallurgy can be asked in the form of Definition/1 Mark question/2 Marks Question/In the 5 Mark SAQ
      • Extraction of Metals (Less reactive, Moderately reactive, Highly reactive)
      • Concentration of ore (Enrichment of ore)
      • Conversion of the concentrated ore into metal
      • Refining (purification ) of the impure metal
      • Bayer process
      • Hall Heroult process
        • Corrosion
        • Corrosion and its Prevention

 Chapter 9: Amazing World of Carbon Compounds

  • Bonding in Carbon
  • Classification of Hydrocarbons
  • Versatile Nature of Carbon (Tetravalency and Catenation)
  • Allotropes of Carbon
  • Isomerism
  • Functional Groups
  • Homologous Series
  • Nomenclature of Carbon Compounds
  • Chemical Properties of Carbon Compounds
    • Combustion reaction
    • Addition Reaction
    • Substitution Reaction
    • Some Important Carbon Compounds – Ethanol and Ethanoic Acid
    • Soaps and Detergents
      • Esterification and Saponification reactions
      • Cleansing action of soaps and detergents

 Important Topics for MSB Class 10 Biology:

Chapter 10: Life's Internal Secrets

  • Nutrition in Plants – Photosynthesis
  • Nutrition in Animals – Digestion in Humans
  • Respiration in Humans
  • Circulatory System in Humans
  • Excretion in Humans

Chapter 11: The Regulators of Life

  • Movements in Plants
  • Human Nervous System
  • Voluntary and Involuntary Actions
  • Reflex Action
  • Chemical Coordination in Animals

Chapter 12: The Life Cycle

  • Modes of Asexual Reproduction
  • Sexual Reproduction in Plants
  • Reproductive System in Humans
  • Sexual Reproduction in Humans
  • Reproductive Health – Need for Family Planning

Chapter 13: Mapping Our Genes

  • Mendel’s Experiments on Inheritance – Monohybrid and Dihybrid crosses
  • Origin of Life
  • Darwin’s theory of Evolution
  • Evidences of Evolution

Chapter 14: Striving For Better Environment (Part I)

  • Air, Water and Noise Pollution – Sources, Effects and Control Measures
  • Abatement of Pollution

Chapter 15: Striving For Better Environment (Part II)

  • Use of Efficient and Eco-friendly Technology
  • Sustainable Use of Resources
  • Enforcement of Environment Protection Acts, Laws and Policies

 Also read:

Class 10 Science and Technology Sample Papers

Class 10 Science and Technology previous Years Question Papers

Mistakes to Avoid during Board Exams

To-do List for Sure Shot Success in your Exams 

Essential Tips to Finish your Exam on Time

Continue your Zeal for Exam Preparations

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