Write about 5 types of salts and write their-
 
1. common name
2. chemical formula
3. uses (atleast 2)

Asked by Sthitaprajna Mishra | 31st Jul, 2014, 06:00: PM

Expert Answer:

There are 6 types of salts:

1)    Normal salts: The salts formed by the complete replacement of the replaceable hydrogen ion of an acid molecule by a basic radical.

Examples: Sodium sulphate and sodium chloride

              2NaOH + H2SO4 → Na2SO4 + 2H2SO4

                     HCl + NaOH →  NaCl + H2O

2)    Acid salts: The salts formed by partial replacement of the replaceable hydrogen ion of an acid molecule by a basic radical.

Example: Sodium bisulphate

NaOH + H2SO4 →  NaHSO4 + H2O

3)    Basic salts: The salts formed by the partial replacement of the hydroxyl group of a di- or tri-acidic base by an acidic radical.

Example:

Mg (OH) 2 + HCl → Mg(OH)Cl + H2O

4)    Double salts: The salts formed by the union of two simple salts that dissolve in water and crystallise.

Example:

Potash alum: K2SO4. Al2 (SO4)3. 24H2O

5)    Mixed salts: Mixed salts are those salts that contain more than one basic or acidic radical.

Example:

Sodium potassium carbonate NaKCO3

6)    Complex salts: Complex salts are those salts which on dissociation give one simple ion and one complex ion.

Example:

Na [Ag (CN) 2]    Na+ + [Ag (CN)2]

All the salts have various uses in daily life and industries.

Answered by Hanisha Vyas | 1st Aug, 2014, 10:56: AM