State the second law of thermodynamics in terms of entropy.

Asked by Topperlearning User | 4th Jun, 2014, 01:23: PM

Expert Answer:

Second law of thermodynamics in relation to entropy can be stated as follows:-

1) Entropy of the universe always increases with every spontaneous or natural change.

2) Heat flow in a system is always from higher temperature to lower temperature spontaneously. It is not possible that heat could flow from a system at lower temperature to the system at higher temperature.(Given by Clausius)

3) In a cyclic process all the heat given to the system cannot be converted to work. (Given by Kelvin)

First and second law can be combined to give a consolidated definition as:

The energy of universe is conserved but entropy of the universe is constantly increasing with any natural process. Thus we can say that thermodynamic entropy is a measure of energy dispersal, and so the second law of thermodynamics is closely related with the concept of entropy.

Answered by  | 4th Jun, 2014, 03:23: PM