Explain the construction and working of a pinhole camera.

Asked by Topperlearning User | 25th Jul, 2016, 04:41: PM

Expert Answer:

Construction of a pinhole camera

  • Take an ordinary hollow rectangular cardboard box with a small hole in the middle of one face of the box.
  • The size of the hole should be equal to the pinhead of a common pin.
  • Remove the opposite face of the box and fix a wax paper in its place with the help of a thread or a rubber band.
  • The box is blacken from inside so that any light which falls on its walls directly or indirectly is absorbed.



 Working of a pinhole camera

  • Place a luminous object such as a burning wick (XY) of the candle in front of the pinhole, an inverted picture X’Y’ of the wick is obtained on the wax paper. This picture is called the image.
  • The image obtained is inverted.
  • Such an image is formed because the light travels in a straight path. Hence, light from the upper point X of the wick passes through the pinhole and strikes the wax paper at X’.
    Similarly, light from the lower point Y of the wick passes through the pinhole and strikes the wax paper (or screen) at Y'.
  • When light from all other points between X and Y passes through the pinhole they strike the wax paper in between X' and Y'. Hence, an inverted image is formed on the wax paper.






Answered by  | 25th Jul, 2016, 06:41: PM