1)What are activating and deactivating groups?? 2) Why halogens, being deactivating groups, are ortho-para directing groups??

Asked by ANSHUL | 19th Apr, 2012, 11:05: AM

Expert Answer:

The substituents which enhance the rate of second substitution with respect to benzene are calle activating groups while which decrease the rate are called deactivating group.

Answered by  | 19th Apr, 2012, 06:22: PM

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