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ICSE Class 9 Comprehension and Composition Revision Notes for Speech Writing

Introduction to Speech Writing

What is a Speech? 

A speech is a spoken discourse or an expression of ideas that is delivered in front of an audience by the speaker.

A speech can perform one or more of the following functions:

  • To convince the audience: 'Reasons why I Believe Indians don‟t have Civic Sense'
  • To provoke the audience to take an action: 'Report Corruption to Kill Corruption'
  • To inspire the audience: 'Do One Good Deed A Day'
  • To inform the audience: 'Beauty Magazines Promote Low Self-esteem'


Format of a Speech

Like other forms of composition, a speech also comprises an introduction, supporting ideas and a conclusion.  


The format of a speech: 






How to Write a Speech

  • Before one starts writing, ask three questions: 
    • What is the purpose of the speech? 
    • Who is the audience? 
    • How long will the speech last?


  • Engage in brainstorming and uncover all the points that could be made in the speech. 


  • Structure your writing. Divide your speech into three paragraphs that have an introduction, a body and a conclusion. The introductory paragraph should also contain an address or a greeting to the audience (refer to the example on page 2). 


  • Always state the purpose behind the speech. 



  • Create a rough outline of the speech before writing.

  • Write from the perspective of the listener, not the speaker. Good speeches are written keeping the audience in mind.

  • Use pronouns such as „You‟ and „We‟ to address the audience. This adds a personal touch to the speech. 



  • Refer to yourself in the first person by using pronouns such as „I‟ and „Me‟.

  • Use repetitions of words and phrases to create an impact. 



  • Make use of transition words and phrases to connect points in a smooth and logical manner. 



  • Make the speech memorable by using metaphors, similes and other analogies.



  • As a speaker, exhibit moral conviction in your speech. Employ a sombre tone to address a serious topic. Do not use humour or sound flippant when talking about a sensitive issue. This will affect your credibility as a speaker.

  • Ask rhetorical questions for maximised effect. Rhetorical questions are those that are asked to make a point rather than to elicit an answer in order to get a kind of response you expect from the audience.   



  • In the concluding paragraph, state your vision for the future or your hopes. 



  • Conclude the speech by thanking the audience or by stating a powerful quote.