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# What is the centre of mass of sector of the circle. Explain with diagram

Asked by rushabh1234 17th October 2019, 6:05 AM
First let us find the centre of mass of thin rod bent in the form of circular arc that subtends angle 2θ at centre.

Let us cinsider a small element of length dl that subtends angle dθ at centre.
Let mass is distributed uniformly and λ is mass per unit length of rod .

mass moment of this small element along x-axis :-  ( R dθ λ ) ( R cosθ) = R2 λ cosθ dθ

mass moment of this small element along y-axis :-  ( R dθ λ ) ( R sinθ) = R2 λ sinθ dθ

x-coordinate of centre of mass of ring :- ........................... (1)
y-coordinate of centre of mass of ring :-    ..............................(2)
Where M is mass of whole rod.

Mass density λ is defined as, λ =  mass / length = M/( R 2θ )  ..................(3)

using the expression for λ in (3), we get x-coordinate and y-coordinate of centre of mass from eqn.(1) and (2) as

Centre of mass :-  [ ( R sinθ / θ ) , 0 ] .................................(4)

Coordinates are given in above equation, as shown in figure, considering centre of curvature of arc coincides with origin and
line connecting the origin and centre of circular arc coincides with x-axis.
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We consider sector of circular disc , angle 2θ at centre , is made up sevaral rings in the shpae of circular arc as shown in figure.

Since we calculated coordinates of centre of mass of circular arc, using that formula  for a circular arc ring of thickness dr,
we find the x-coordinate of centre of mass of sector of circular disc as follows

mass of circular arc ring = r×2θ×dr×ρ

where ρ is density per unit area

If M is total mass of sector of circular disc, then x-coordinate of centre of mass of sector of circular disc is given as

...............(5)
density ρ is defined as, ρ = M/ [ (2θ/2π) πR2 ] = M / [ θ R2 ] ...............(6)

By substituting ρ in eqn.(5),  x-coordinate of centre of mass of sector of circular disc is given as   (2/3)R (sinθ/θ)

x and y coordinate of centre of mass of sector of circular disc is given as  [ (2/3)R (sinθ/θ) , 0 ]

Coordinates are given in above equation, as shown in figure, considering centre of curvature of sector of circle coincides with origin and
midline dividing the sector of circle coincides with x-axis.

Answered by Expert 17th October 2019, 10:23 PM
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