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How to identify +I and+R effect and their effectiveness.....
 

Asked by Gunjan 23rd February 2015, 5:36 PM
Answered by Expert
Answer:

+I effect:

Atoms or functional groups that are electron donating (hydrocarbons, anions) have a positive Inductive +I effect.

+R effect:

Electron donating group present on aromatic ring exert +R or positive resonance effect.
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Answered by Expert 24th February 2015, 5:59 PM
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