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can you explain me substitution nucleophilic bimolecular(SN2) and substituion nucleophilic unimolecular(SN1).

Asked by JASKAMAL KAUR 14th September 2015, 6:18 PM
Answered by Expert
Answer:

SN2 reactions are known as bimolecular nucleophilic substitution reactions. The mechanism for these types of reaction is as follows.

In these reactions, inversion of configuration takes place. The increasing order of reactivity is

3 o halide < 2 o halide < 1 o halide

The reason behind the above trend is as follows.

Due to the presence of bulky substituents in 3 o and 2 o halides, nucleophile cannot approach.

For both SN1 and SN2 reaction, the order of reactivity of halides is

R−F << R−Cl < R−Br < R−I

The stereochemical aspects of nucleophilic substitution recation can be summarized as

 

In SN2 reaction, complete stereochemical inversion of configuration takes place.

Answered by Expert 14th September 2015, 6:48 PM
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