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CBSE Class 12 Board Exam 2023 Post Paper Analysis - Physics (6th March)

Out of 16.96 lakh students who have registered for the CBSE Class 12 exam, many students studying in the science stream had their Physics board exam on 6th March 2023.

Physics is considered to be the most significant subject, especially when the discussion comes to admission to higher education and even jobs. Let us review the Question Paper pattern of CBSE Class XII Physics for 2023.

Question Paper Pattern

Unlike the previous year, this year’s exam was relatively lengthy and moderate, with no shockers for the students. Let us examine the typical paper pattern for the academic year 2023.

Type of Questions – Section wise


Number of Questions

Total Marks Weightage

Major Type of Questions

Section (A)



MCQ & Assertion and Reason

Section (B)



Conceptual and Numerical Problem Solving

Section (C)



Conceptual, Numerical, Diagram

Section (D)



Conceptual, Numerical, Diagram

Section (E)



Case Study

This question paper is divided into 5 sections as follows:

  • Section (A) has 18 questions of one mark each, and this section majorly has Conceptual/numerical problem-solving/ remembering type questions.
  • Section (B) has 6 questions, of which 2 will have an internal choice, and each will be of 2 marks. The questions in this section were of conceptual/numerical problem-solving typology.
  • Section (C) will have 5 questions of 3 marks each. This section had a mix of questions, i.e., conceptual, numerical problem solving and diagram based.
  • Section (D) will have 3 questions of 5 marks each. The types of questions in this section are conceptual, derive and diagram based.
  • Section (E) consists of 2 case study questions, each of 4 marks.

Board Paper Analysis:

Let’s take a deep dive into CBSE Class 12 Physics Paper 2023 (Q.P. code: 55/3/1 Set -1)

  • This year unit IV, “Optics”, had the highest weightage of marks, followed by “Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism” and “Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents”. Total 7 questions were asked from “Atoms and Nuclei”, “Current Electricity”, & “Electrostatics”, respectively. Whereas the “Electromagnetic waves” had the least weightage.

Key highlights

  • This question paper had higher weightage for numerical and diagram-based questions, making it lengthy. This must have been a blessing for the students who practised the formulae, numerical questions and ray diagrams.
  • No question was off-topic, and the paper was entirely NCERT-based.
  • The multiple-choice questions were straightforward and included a few simple numerical.
  • Around 18-20 marks were assigned to numerical-based questions, and a few direct derivations from NCERT were asked.
  • There was a higher percentage of application-based questions, including case-based questions.
  • The short answer questions could have been more precise for some students.
  • Overall, the percentage of application-based and case-based questions was higher.
  • In conclusion, the CBSE Class 12 Physics paper was a typical NCERT textbook-based question paper, but some questions required analytical thinking. However, time management may have been an issue in this simple yet lengthy Physics paper. Students who had practised solving numerical and who were thorough with conceptual understanding wouldn’t find this paper challenging.

So, now it’s time to focus on your upcoming papers. For any exam-related help and queries, visit TopperLearning. For more paper reviews and exam updates, stay tuned.


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