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Which of the following is soluble in water a) CS2, b) C2H5OH c) CCl4, d) CHCl3 My doubt is- why CHCl3 is not soluble, it is polar and according to like dissolves like, it should dissolve in polar solvent like water. Does for soluble in water 'H- bonding' is necessary.
Asked by srkgb8018 | 10 May, 2024, 07:36: AM
answered-by-expert Expert Answer

Dear Student,

Water is a polar covalent compound.

Ethanol is also a polar covalent compound.

Chloroform is not soluble in water because of the absence of H bonding.

With water, hydrogen bonds are formed only in the case of F, O, and N, as the difference in electronegativity between H and F, O & N is very high.

The difference in electronegativity is not much between H and Cl. So, H bonding is not possible between chloroform and water.

 

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