Asked by ROHAN CHANDRA | 4th Jul, 2010, 12:00: AM

Expert Answer:

Bose-Einstein Condensate: In 1920, Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose had
done some calculations for a fifth state of matter. Building on his calculations, Albert
Einstein predicted a new state of matter – the Bose- Einstein Condensate (BEC). In 2001, Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle and Carl E. Wieman of USA received the Nobel prize in physics for achieving “Bose-Einstein condensation”. The BEC is formed by cooling a gas of extremely low density, about one-hundred-thousandth the density of normal air, to super low temperatures.

Answered by  | 17th Jul, 2010, 01:05: PM

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