what is permitivity of free space

Asked by abvaja | 11th Mar, 2011, 12:00: AM

Expert Answer:

Dear student

In electromagnetism, permittivity is the measure of how much resistance is encountered when forming an electric field in a medium. In other words, permittivity is a measure of how an electric field affects, and is affected by, a dielectric medium. Permittivity is determined by the ability of a material to polarize in response to the field, and thereby reduce the total electric field inside the material. Thus, permittivity relates to a material's ability to transmit (or "permit") an electric field.

It is directly related to electric susceptibility, which is a measure of how easily a dielectric polarizes in response to an electric field.

In SI units, permittivity ε is measured in farads per meter (F/m); electric susceptibility χ is dimensionless. They are related to each other through

 

where εr is the relative permittivity of the material, and ε0 = 8.85… × 10−12 F/m is the vacuum permittivity.

 Hope this helps

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Answered by  | 12th Mar, 2011, 10:06: AM

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