sir what is the role of brain in reflex arc please explain it with diagram

Asked by  | 2nd Aug, 2009, 09:00: PM

Expert Answer:


For your syllabus, the following answer is sufficient.

The purpose of reflex action is to provide quick response in situations where the organism does not have enough time to think. Reflex arcs are formed in the spinal cord, although the information inputs also reach the brain. This helps the brain to record this event and remember it for future use. 

(The information about the reflex action is sent to the brain after 1 or 2 seconds. This is so that we should be aware of what has happened. The brain on its own cannot react as fast as the reflex action. So the part of the reaction process is carried out by the spinal cord, but the information is also sent to the brain so that the person can be aware of the stimulus and prevent himself from that situation again.

For example you remove your hand when touching a hot object. This is a reflex action. But sending the information to the brain makes the person aware that the object is hot and hence not to touch it again.)


{Going further in detail, you may be aware that reflex may be natural or conditioned. Natural reflex does not involve the brain whereas conditioned reflex involves the brain. The figures of both the arcs are given below.


                                             Natural reflex arc.


                                 Conditioned reflex arc.

Answered by  | 3rd Aug, 2009, 06:24: PM

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