question

Asked by sonaisha | 21st Jan, 2009, 08:45: PM

Expert Answer:

Thymus gland is an organ located in the upper anterior portion of the chest cavity just behind the sternum. The main function of the thymus is to provide an area for T lymphocyte maturation. The thymus also helps protect against autoimmunity.

The pineal gland is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/sleep patterns and photoperiodic (seasonal) functions. The pineal gland is large in children, but shrinks at puberty. It appears to play a major role in sexual development, hibernation in animals, metabolism, and seasonal breeding. The abundant melatonin levels in children is believed to inhibit sexual development

Answered by  | 22nd Jan, 2009, 04:46: PM

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