MAM CAN YOU EXPLAIN ME THE LATENT HEAT?
Asked by | 14th May, 2008, 05:35: PM
Latent heat is the heat energy involved in the phase change of water. Latent heat is gained by water molecules when water evaporates. The heat added during evaporation is used to break hydrogen bonds between water molecules and does not raise the temperature of the water body. The heat then is "hidden" or stored in the water molecule until it is released during condensation. At that point, the heat is converted into sensible heat. Latent heat released during condensation is an important source of energy to drive atmospheric systems like hurricanes and cumulus clouds.
Two latent heats (or enthalpies) are typically described: latent heat of fusion (melting), and latent heat of vaporization (boiling). The names describe the direction of heat flow from one phase to the next: solid → liquid → gas.
The change is endothermic, i.e. the system absorbs energy, when the change is from solid to liquid to gas. It is exothermic (the process releases energy) when it is in the opposite direction. For example, in the atmosphere, when a molecule of water evaporates from the surface of any body of water, energy is transported by the water molecule into a lower temperature air parcel that contains more water vapor than its surroundings. Because energy is needed to overcome the molecular forces of attraction between water particles, the process of transition from a parcel of water to a parcel of vapor requires the input of energy causing a drop in temperature in its surroundings. If the water vapor condenses back to a liquid or solid phase onto a surface, the latent energy absorbed during evaporation is released as sensible heat onto the surface. The large value of the enthalpy of condensation of water vapor is the reason that steam is a far more effective heating medium than boiling water, and is more hazardous.
Answered by | 23rd May, 2008, 09:27: AM
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