Explain with the help of a circuit diagram, how the thickness of depletion layer in p-n junction diode changes when it is forward biased.

Asked by naren15 | 22nd Feb, 2011, 06:01: AM

Expert Answer:

Dear student,

If a suitable positive voltage (forward bias) is applied between the two ends of the PN junction, it can supply free electrons and holes with the extra energy they require to cross the junction as the width of the depletion layer around the PN junction is decreased. By applying a negative voltage (reverse bias) results in the free charges being pulled away from the junction resulting in the depletion layer width being increased. This has the effect of increasing or decreasing the effective resistance of the junction itself allowing or blocking current flow through the diode.

Then the depletion layer widens with an increase in the application of a reverse voltage and narrows with an increase in the application of a forward voltage. This is due to the differences in the electrical properties on the two sides of the PN junction resulting in physical changes taking place. 

Hope this helps.
Thanking you

Answered by  | 27th Feb, 2011, 02:16: PM

Queries asked on Sunday & after 7pm from Monday to Saturday will be answered after 12pm the next working day.