ICSE Class 9 Grammar Revision Notes for Finites, Non-finites, Participles
Finites, Non-finites, Participles
What are Finite Verbs and Non-finite Verbs?
A finite verb is a form of a verb which has a subject and a tense.
A non-finite verb is a form of verb which has no subject and no tense.
Types of Non-finite Verbs
There are three types of non-finite verbs:
Gerunds are verbs which end in '-ing' but function like nouns in a sentence.
They can play the role of a subject as well as an object.
Participles are verbs which function as adjectives.
Types of participles
- Past participles (end in '-en' or '-ed')
- Present participles (end in '-ing')
- A verb form where the word 'to' is followed by a simple form of a verb is known as an infinitive.
- Sometimes, 'to' is implied or absent in an infinitive.
- An infinitive is used to show the purpose or function of a particular action or thing
Grammar Chapters for Revision Notes
- Active and Passive Voice
- Figures of Speech
- Idioms and Phrases
- Prefixes and Suffixes
- Direct and Indirect Speech
- Subject- Verb Agreement
- Phrases and Clauses
- Word forms
- Synonyms and Antonyms
- Types of sentences (Form)
- Types of sentences (Meaning)
- Homophones and Homonyms
- Transformation of Sentences
- Synthesis of Sentences
- Avoiding Repetition
- Parts of Speech
- Question Formation