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sir i have ques: among chlorobenzene and meta-nitrochlorobenzene which one will undergo nucleophilic subst. reaction more easily? Or will both undergo the reaction with same ease?

Asked by DIVYA GARG 10th September 2013, 12:26 PM
Answered by Expert
Answer:
The nitro group exerts two electron withdrawing effects, -M and -I. So it wil make the ring electron deficient and willl activate the ring carbons very strongly to receive a nucleophile while the chloro has -I effect only.Thus chlorobenzene will undergo nucleophilic substitution slower than nitrobenzene. 
Answered by Expert 15th September 2013, 8:15 AM
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