CBSE Class 7 Answered
Shah Jahan (Prince Khurram) was the fifth Mughal Emperor of India who ruled from 1628 until 1658. He was the son of Emperor Jahangir and his Hindu Rajput wife Taj Bibi Bilqis Makani (13 May 1573-18 April 1619).
At a young age, after the death of his father in 1627, he proclaimed himself emperor at Agra (February 1628).
Shah Jahan’s reign was notable for successes against the Deccan states. The Afghan noble Khan Jahan Lodi rebelled and was defeated. Campaigns were launched against Ahmadnagar; the Bundelas were defeated and Orchha seized. In the north-west, the campaign to seize Balkh from the Uzbegs was unsuccessful and Qandahar was lost to the Safavids. In 1632, Ahmadnagar was finally annexed and the Bijapur forces sued for peace. In 1657-1658, there was conflict over succession among Shah Jahan’s sons.
Aurangzeb was victorious, and his three brothers, including Dara Shukoh, were killed. Shah Jahan was imprisoned for the rest of his life in Agra.
Thus, he is considered one of the greatest Mughals and his rule has been called the Golden Age and one of the most prosperous ages of Indian civilization.