CBSE Class 7 Answered
Explain Akbar’s reign.
Akbar’s reign can be divided into three periods:
1. 1556-1570: Akbar became independent of the regent Bairam Khan and other members of his domestic staff. Military campaigns were launched against the Suris and other Afghans, against the neighbouring kingdoms of Malwa and Gondwana, and to suppress the revolt of his half-brother Mirza Hakim and the Uzbegs. In 1568, the Sisodiya capital of Chittor was seized. In 1569, Ranthambhor was seized.
2. 1570-1585: Military campaigns in Gujarat were followed by campaigns in the east in Bihar, Bengal and Orissa. These campaigns were complicated by the 1579-1580 revolt in support of Mirza Hakim.
3. 1585-1605: Expansion of Akbar’s empire. Campaigns in the north-west. Qandahar was seized from the Safavids, Kashmir was annexed, as was Kabul, after the death of Mirza Hakim. Campaigns in the Deccan started, and Berar, Khandesh and parts of Ahmadnagar were annexed.