magnetic fields by a solenoid...

Asked by  | 4th Jan, 2010, 05:02: AM

Expert Answer:

The solenoid is a long coil containing a large number of close turns of insulated copper wire. The magnetic field produced by a current carrying solenoid is similar to themagnetic field produced by a bar magnet. The lines of magnetic force pass through the solenoid and return to the other end. If a current carrying solenoid is suspended freely, it comes to rest pointing North and South like a suspended magnetic needle. One end of the solenoid acts like a N-pole and the other end a S-pole. Since the current in each circular turn of the solenoidflows in the same direction, the magnetic field produced by each turn of the solenoid adds up, giving a strong resultant magnetic field inside the solenoid. A solenoid is used for making electromagnets.

The strength of magnetic field produced by a current carrying solenoid is:

  1. Directly proportional to the number of turns in the solenoid
  2. Directly proportional to the strength of current  in the solenoid
  3. Dependent on the nature of "core material" used in making the solenoid. The use of soft iron rod as core in a solenoid produces the strongest magnetism.

Hope this helps.

Regards

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Answered by  | 4th Jan, 2010, 10:30: AM

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