how to apply kirchoff's rule in a circuit with both resistors and capacitors give examples

Asked by Kb Aulakh | 6th May, 2014, 08:52: PM

Expert Answer:

Following example illustrates how to apply Kirchhoff’s voltage law to a circuit having capacitor and resistor.

The above circuit operates in two states:

1)      Transient state i.e. at the time just after the switch ‘S’ is closed and

2)      Steady state


Transient state: When the switch ‘S’ is closed, the current starts flowing through both the resistors and the capacitor starts charging.

If at any instant the charge across the capacitor plates is ±q, then the potential difference across the capacitor of capacitance is given by

Now applying KVL to the loop ABEFA

applying KVL to the loop ABCDEFA

Steady state: At steady state, the capacitor gets fully charged and it acts as open circuit. 

Therefore the circuit is modified as given below:


now applying KVL to loop ABCDEFA         

Answered by Ravindra Kapal | 8th May, 2014, 01:16: PM

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