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ICSE Class 10 Answered

draw a draft to show Difference between HCl, HNO3 and H2SO4.
Asked by praggya.srivastava.g1972 | 22 Aug, 2023, 04:45: PM
answered-by-expert Expert Answer
Dear Student,
 
 

 

Hydrochloric acid

Nitric acid

Sulphuric acid

Chemical formula

HCl

HNO3

H2SO4

Composition

hydrogen (H) and chlorine (Cl) atoms

of hydrogen (H), nitrogen (N), and oxygen (O) atoms

hydrogen (H), sulfur (S), and oxygen (O) atoms

Appearance

Typically a colorless liquid or a gas when not dissolved in water

Typically a colorless or yellowish liquid

Typically a colorless, oily liquid when concentrated

Strength

HCl is strong acid with a pH below 1 when concentrated

HNO3 is a strong acid with a pH below 1 when concentrated

H2SO4 is one of the strongest acids, with a pH below 1 when concentrated

Uses

Generally used in laboratories, industrial processes, and as a cleaning agent

Generaly used in the production of fertilizers, explosives, and as a laboratory reagent

Mostly used in various industrial processes, battery manufacturing, and as a laboratory reagent. Used as oxidising agent also as conc. sulphuric acid is a strong oxidising agent.

Answered by | 24 Aug, 2023, 11:33: AM
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