Describe the features of Himalayan mountain

Asked by mathewalbinbrin | 9th Mar, 2020, 05:44: AM

Expert Answer:

  • The Himalayan Mountains are young fold mountains which run in the west to east direction. They run over about 2,400 km.
  • The width of the mountains varies from 2,400 km in Kashmir to 150 km in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The Himalayas are divided into three parallel ranges. They are:
  1. The Himadri: It is the northernmost range of the Himalayas. This range is also known as the Great or the Inner Himalayas. This range has some of the highest peaks with an average height of 6,000 metres.
  2. The Himachal: It is also known as Himachal or the lesser Himalayas. All the famous hill stations such as Mussoorie, Shimla, Nainital and Manali are located in the Himachal range. 
  3. The Siwaliks: These are the outermost range of the Himalayas. The Siwaliks are formed as a result of depositions brought down by rivers from the northernmost Himalayan range. 
  • The Himalayas spread in the eastern most parts of the country form the Purvanchal Range. It is mostly composed of sedimentary rocks. The Purvanchal Range comprises the Patkai Hills, Naga Hills, Manipur Hills and Mizo Hills.

Answered by Social Science Expert | 9th Mar, 2020, 08:55: AM