FRANK Solutions for Class 9 Biology Chapter 16 - Digestive System

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Chapter 16 - Digestive System Exercise 151

Question 1
What do you mean by nutrition? Mention the different types.
Solution 1
Nutrition can be defined as the process which involves the utilization of food by an animal to obtain energy for growth and development. There are two types of nutrition - autotrophic and heterotrophic.
Question 2
Describe protein digestion in the human.
Solution 2
Question 3
Describe the following:
(a) Coagulation of milk in the digestive system.
(b) Emulsification.
(c) Digestion of fat in the intestine.
(d) Digestion of nucleic gland.
Solution 3
Question 4
Describe the human salivary gland.
Solution 4
Salivary Glands - Three pairs in man and secrete 1000 to 1500 cc saliva per day.
Saliva is slightly acidic and its pH is 6.8.
There are three types of salivary glands:
(a) Parotid glands: It is the largest salivary gland and situated near the ears. It opens into oral cavity by Stenoson's duct.
(b) Sublingual glands: It is located beneath the tongue. It opens into the floor of oral cavity by duct of Rivinus.
(c) Submadibular or sub-maxillary glands: It is situated at the angles of the lower jaws. It opens inot oral cavity by Whartson's duct.
Each gland secret secretes saliva which is transported to the mouth cavity. At the time secrete saliva.
Question 5
Mark odd one in each series:
(a) Pepsin, lipase, Trypsin, rennin.
(b) Oesophagus, stomach, intestine, lungs.
(c) Bile salts, bile pigment, gall blader, rectum.
Solution 5
(a) Lipase
(b) Lungs
(c) Rectum
Question 6
Name the enzymes of pancreatic juice, the substrates they digest and the end products.
Solution 6
Question 7
Solution 7
Question 8
Describe the digestion of starch.
Solution 8
Question 9
Correct the spellings:
(a) Carboxytipepdase
(b) Reninne
(c) Caceum
(d) HLC
(e) Pespin
(f) Disegion
(g) Ptorein
(h) Bilirubin
Solution 9
(a) Carboxypeptidase
(b) Rennin
(c) Caecum
(d) HCl
(e) Pepsin
(f) Digestion
(g) Protein
(h) Bilirubin
Question 10
Describe the process of digestion in human beings.
Solution 10
Question 11
Name the enzymes secreted by the following:
(a) Stomach
(b) Salivary glands
(c) Pancreas
(d) Ileum
Solution 11
(a) Stomach - Pepsin
(b) Salivary glands - Salivary amylase/Ptyalin
(c) Pancreas - Trypsin, Chymotrypsin, Carboxy peptidase, Pancreatic amylase and Pancreatic lipase.
(d) Ileum - Enterokinase, Endokinase, Aminopeptidase and Dipeptidase.
Question 12
Define with examples:
(a) Autotrophs
(b) Heterotrophs
(c) Carnivores
(d) Omnivores
(e) Herbivores
Solution 12
(a) Autotrophs: These are the organisms which prepare organic food in their body from simple inorganic materials like carbon dioxide, water, etc. Example - green plants and certain protests.
(b) Heterotrophs: The organisms which cannot prepare their own food and depends on ready-made food synthesized by green plants are called heterotrophs. Examples - animals and human beings.
(c) Carnivores: The organisms which feed upon other animals and animal products. Examples - tiger, lion, cat, etc.
(d) Omnivores: The organisms which feed on all kinds of plant and animal food are called omnivores. Examples - Cockroach and human beings.
(e) Herbivores: The organisms that feed on plants only are termed as herbivores. Examples - sheep, cow, goat, etc.
Question 13
Solution 13
Question 14
State one difference in nutrition:
(a) Parasite and Saprophyte.
(b) Autotroph and Heterotroph.
(c) Holozoic and Saprozoic nutrition.
(d) Holophylic and Holozoic
Solution 14
(a) Parasites are the organisms that live in or on the body of another organism called host, and obtain nourishment from its body whereas saprophyte is an organism that absorbs soluble organic nutrients from dead and decaying organic matter.
(b) Autotroph is an organism which prepares organic food in their body from simple inorganic materials like carbon dioxide, water, etc. whereas heterotroph is an organism which cannot prepare its own food and depends on ready-made food synthesized by green plants.
(c) Holozoic nutrition is a nutrition in which animals survive by consuming other organisms whereas saprozoic nutrition is the nutrition in which the animals absorbs soluble organic nutrients from dead and decaying organic matter.
(d) Holophytic nutrition is the nutrition in which organisms prepare organic food in their body from simple inorganic materials like carbon dioxide, water, etc. whereas in holozoic nutrition, the animals survive by consuming other organisms.
Question 15
Name different steps involved in animal nutrition. Explain.
Solution 15
The steps involved in animal nutrition are:
(a) Ingestion - It means taking solid or liquid food inside the body.
(b) Digestion - It is the breaking down of complex insoluble food components into simple soluble substances.
(c) Absorption - It is the process by which soluble soluble digested food passes from alimentary canal into blood and lymph through intestinal villi.
(d) Assimilation - Utilization of absorbed food by different body cells is called assimilation.
(e) Egestion - Elimination of undigested food as faeces is called egestion.
Question 16
Name the types of teeth in human with functions.
Solution 16
There are four types of teeth:
(a) Incisors - These are used for cutting.
(b) Canines - These teeth are used for tearing.
(c) Premolars - For masticating the food.
(d) Molars - For grinding and masticating the food.
Question 17
Observe the diagram given alongside and answer the following:
(a) Name the parts numbered 1-8.
(b) Which parts shown in the diagram are non-living?
(c) Is the tooth suited for cutting, tearing or grinding?
(d) What is the function of parts 8 and 7?
(e) What is the total number of teeth present in adult human beings?
(f) Write the dental formula of human beings.
Solution 17
Question 18
Describe the human alimentary canal.
Solution 18
Question 19
State whether the following statements are True or false:
(a) Trypsin coagulates the milk protein.
(b) Enteropeptidase activates pepsinogen into pepsin.
(c) Na+ is absorbed in intestine by sodium pump.
(d) Pancreatic amylase digests protein into amino acids.
Solution 19
(a) False
(b) False
(c) True
(d) False
Question 20
Define digestion. Describe the digestion of food in small intestine.
Solution 20
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