FRANK Solutions for Class 9 Biology Chapter 16 - Digestive System
Chapter 16 - Digestive System Exercise 151
(a) Coagulation of milk in the digestive system.
(c) Digestion of fat in the intestine.
(d) Digestion of nucleic gland.
Saliva is slightly acidic and its pH is 6.8.
There are three types of salivary glands:
(a) Parotid glands: It is the largest salivary gland and situated near the ears. It opens into oral cavity by Stenoson's duct.
(b) Sublingual glands: It is located beneath the tongue. It opens into the floor of oral cavity by duct of Rivinus.
(c) Submadibular or sub-maxillary glands: It is situated at the angles of the lower jaws. It opens inot oral cavity by Whartson's duct.
Each gland secret secretes saliva which is transported to the mouth cavity. At the time secrete saliva.
(a) Pepsin, lipase, Trypsin, rennin.
(b) Oesophagus, stomach, intestine, lungs.
(c) Bile salts, bile pigment, gall blader, rectum.
(b) Salivary glands
(b) Salivary glands - Salivary amylase/Ptyalin
(c) Pancreas - Trypsin, Chymotrypsin, Carboxy peptidase, Pancreatic amylase and Pancreatic lipase.
(d) Ileum - Enterokinase, Endokinase, Aminopeptidase and Dipeptidase.
(b) Heterotrophs: The organisms which cannot prepare their own food and depends on ready-made food synthesized by green plants are called heterotrophs. Examples - animals and human beings.
(c) Carnivores: The organisms which feed upon other animals and animal products. Examples - tiger, lion, cat, etc.
(d) Omnivores: The organisms which feed on all kinds of plant and animal food are called omnivores. Examples - Cockroach and human beings.
(e) Herbivores: The organisms that feed on plants only are termed as herbivores. Examples - sheep, cow, goat, etc.
(a) Parasite and Saprophyte.
(b) Autotroph and Heterotroph.
(c) Holozoic and Saprozoic nutrition.
(d) Holophylic and Holozoic
(b) Autotroph is an organism which prepares organic food in their body from simple inorganic materials like carbon dioxide, water, etc. whereas heterotroph is an organism which cannot prepare its own food and depends on ready-made food synthesized by green plants.
(c) Holozoic nutrition is a nutrition in which animals survive by consuming other organisms whereas saprozoic nutrition is the nutrition in which the animals absorbs soluble organic nutrients from dead and decaying organic matter.
(d) Holophytic nutrition is the nutrition in which organisms prepare organic food in their body from simple inorganic materials like carbon dioxide, water, etc. whereas in holozoic nutrition, the animals survive by consuming other organisms.
(a) Ingestion - It means taking solid or liquid food inside the body.
(b) Digestion - It is the breaking down of complex insoluble food components into simple soluble substances.
(c) Absorption - It is the process by which soluble soluble digested food passes from alimentary canal into blood and lymph through intestinal villi.
(d) Assimilation - Utilization of absorbed food by different body cells is called assimilation.
(e) Egestion - Elimination of undigested food as faeces is called egestion.
(a) Incisors - These are used for cutting.
(b) Canines - These teeth are used for tearing.
(c) Premolars - For masticating the food.
(d) Molars - For grinding and masticating the food.
(a) Name the parts numbered 1-8.
(b) Which parts shown in the diagram are non-living?
(c) Is the tooth suited for cutting, tearing or grinding?
(d) What is the function of parts 8 and 7?
(e) What is the total number of teeth present in adult human beings?
(f) Write the dental formula of human beings.
(a) Trypsin coagulates the milk protein.
(b) Enteropeptidase activates pepsinogen into pepsin.
(c) Na+ is absorbed in intestine by sodium pump.
(d) Pancreatic amylase digests protein into amino acids.
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