Question
Tue March 10, 2015 By: Nikhil Wadhwa

an infant was taken to thedoctor and a card of the schedule of immunisation was issued to him . why is he being vaccinated?name any three diseases for which he is being vaccinated.

Expert Reply
Sheetal Kolte
Tue March 10, 2015

Infants are particularly vulnerable to infectious diseases. Therefore, it is important to protect them through immunisation. Immunization helps to prevent the spread of diseases and protects infants and toddlers against dangerous complications.

Artificially acquired active immunity occurs through the injection of the causative agent into the person’s system through immunization. The causative agent is diluted to reduce its virulence so that the recipient will form antibodies without any effect on the body.

Important vaccines for infants and children:

VACCINE

DISEASE

IMMUNISATION SCHEDULE

BCG vaccine

Tuberculosis

At birth

Triple/DPT vaccine

Diphtheria, Whooping cough, Tetanus

Age of six weeks to nine months

Polio vaccine

Polio

Age of six weeks to nine months

Measles vaccine

Measles

Between 9 months to 1 year

Typhoid vaccine

Typhoid

Age of 5 to 6 years

Tetanus toxoid

Tetanus

Age of ten years

Smallpox vaccine

Smallpox

Age of ten years

Hepatitis-B vaccine

Hepatitis-B

Infants, children and adults

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