ICSE - X - Physics - Force
Explain briefly the difference between Centripetal and Centifugal force with illustrated examples and brief definition.
- The force needed to make an object travel in a circular path is known as “centripetal force”.
- This force is always directed towards the centre of circle at each point of its path.
- Hence, for a body moving uniformly in a circular path, there must be a force to provide the centripetal force required for circular motion.
- In an atom, an electron moves around the nucleus in a circular path for which the centripetal force is obtained from the electrostatic force of attraction on electron by the nucleus.
- A planet moves around the sun in a nearly circular path for which the gravitational force of attraction on the planet by the sun provides the necessary centripetal force.
- The moon moves around the earth in a circular path for which the gravitational force of attraction on the moon by the earth provides the centripetal force.
- The force acting on a body away from the centre of circular path is called the “centrifugal force”.
- It is not a real force.
- A force which really does not exist, but it is considered to describe a certain motion, is called fictitious force or virtual force.
- Its magnitude is same as centripetal force. It is however not a reaction force of centripetal force, because both the forces acts on same body performing circular motion.
- A bucket filled with water is swirled around. The water does not spill out of it due to centrifugal force acting on it away from the centre.
- When a bus takes a sudden left turn, the passengers traveling in it get a push towards the right. This push is the centrifugal force.
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