what is the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotes?

Asked by kpv10194 | 2nd Jan, 2018, 03:56: PM

Expert Answer:

Differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes:

PROKARYOTIC CELL

FEATURE

EUKARYOTIC CELL

  • Absence of well-defined nucleus

Nucleus

  • Presence of well-defined nucleus with a nuclear membrane
  • Absent

Nucleolus

  • Present
  • Presence of a single length of only DNA 

Genetic material

  • Presence of several lengths of DNA wound around certain proteins
  • Presence of smaller ribosomes

Ribosomes

  • Presence of larger ribosomes
  • Absence of other cell organelles

Cell organelles

  • Presence of several other cell organelles such as mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, chloroplasts etc.
  • Cell division occurs by fission or budding but not by mitosis

Cell division

  • Cell division occurs by mitosis or meiosis
  • Bacteria, blue-green algae

Examples

  • Euglena, Amoeba, plants, animals

Answered by Sheetal Kolte | 2nd Jan, 2018, 04:13: PM