Name and discuss in brief the major organs of the shoot system of the plant

Asked by Premtiwari | 2nd May, 2019, 08:43: PM

Expert Answer:

The shoot system above ground is the most obvious part of the plant. It consists of the leaves, stems, flowers, and fruits. 
 
1. Leaves:
Helps in manufacture of food.
Exchange of gases occurs through small openings called stomata which are present on the lower surface of the leaves
Because water is lost by transpiration, more water is pulled upwards from the roots to replace the lost water. This pulled water carries along important nutrients and minerals from the roots.
 
2. Stem: Stems transport nutrients and water from the roots to the leaves and transport sugar and starches from the leaves to the fruits and roots.

3. Flower: A flower consists of calyx, corolla, androecium and gynoecium arranged in four rings or whorls, all attached to the tip of the flower stalk. The flower is very important to the plant. It produces the seed for future generations. A complete flower contains the male and female parts that unite and form the seed. The male flower part produces a yellow powder called pollen. The pollen is carried to the female egg by wind or more often by honey bees and other insects.

Answered by Sivanand Patnaik | 3rd May, 2019, 09:41: AM