CBSE Class 10 Answered
The sun seems to rise two minutes before the actual sunrise and two minutes after the actual sunset
due to the phenomenon of atmospheric refraction.
During sunrise and sunset, when the sun is just below the horizon, the light from the sun,
while coming towards the earth, suffers refraction from a rarer to a denser layer and so it bends towards
the normal at each refraction. Due to the continuous bending of light at different successive layers,
the sun can be seen even when its actual position is just below the horizon.