# Selina Concise Mathematics - Part II Solution for Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 22 - Heights and Distances

## Selina Textbook Solutions Chapter 22 - Heights and Distances

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All Selina textbook questions of** **Chapter 22 - Heights and Distances solutions are created in accordance with the latest ICSE syllabus. These free Textbook Solutions for ICSE Class 10 Selina Concise Mathematics will give you a deeper insight on the fundamentals in this chapter and will help you to score more marks in the final examination. ICSE Class 10 students can refer to these solutions while doing their homework and while studying and revising for the Mathematics exam.

## Selina Concise Mathematics - Part II Solution for Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 22 - Heights and Distances Page/Excercise 22(A)

Let the length of the shadow of the tree be x m.

Height of the tree = m

If is the angle of elevation of the sun, then

Let the height of the tower be h m.

Given that angle of elevation is
60^{o}

So, height of the tower is 277.12 m.

Let the height upto which the ladder reaches be h m.

Given that angle of elevation is
68^{o}

So, the ladder reaches upto a height of 5.94 m.

Let one person A be at a distance x and the second person B be at a distance of y from the foot of the tower.

Given that angle of elevation of A
is 30^{o}

The angle of elevation of B is 38^{o}

So, distance between A and B is x + y = 150.6 m

Let the length of the rope be x m.

Now,

So, the length of the rope is 120m.

Let the height of the tower be h m.

(i) Here

So, height of the tower is 21.6 m.

(ii) Here

So, height of the tower is 36.24 m.

Let the height of the tree after breaking be h m.

Here

Now, length of the tree broken by the wind =

So, height of the tree before it was broken is (15 + 21.21) m = 36.21 m.

Let AB be the unfinished tower and C be the top of the tower when finished. Let P be a point 80 m from the foot A.

In BAP,

In CAP,

Therefore, the tower must be raised by (138.56 - 46.19)m = 92.37 m

Let the length of the tower be h m.

(i) Here

Hence the length of the tower is 25.98 m.

(ii) Let the length of the shadow be x m.

(a) Here,

Hence the length of the shadow is 25.98 m

(b) Here,

Hence the length of the shadow is 15 m.

Let AB be the ladder and ABP = 32^{o}24'.

When rotated, let the ladder be AC and CAQ = 32^{o}24'.

Hence, width of the road = (16.08 + 25.32) = 41.4 m

Let P be the foot of the cliff on level ground.

Then, ACP = 48^{o} and BCP = 57^{o}

Hence, distance between the climbers = AB = BP - AP = 17.17 m

Let AB be the man and PQ be the flag-pole.

Given, AR = 9 m.

Also, PAR = 28^{o}
and QAR
= 13^{o}

Hence, height of the pole = PR + RQ = 6.867 m

Let AB be the cliff and C be the buoy.

Given, AB = 92 m.

Also, ACB = 20^{o}

Hence, the buoy is at a distance of 253 m from the foot of the cliff.

## Selina Concise Mathematics - Part II Solution for Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 22 - Heights and Distances Page/Excercise 22(B)

Let AB be the tree of height h m.

Let the two points be C
and D such that CD = 20 m, ADB
= 30^{o} and ACB = 60^{o}

Hence, height of the tree is 17.32 m.

Let AB be the building of height h m.

Let the two points be C
and D such that CD = 40 m, ADB
= 30^{o} and ACB = 45^{o}

Hence, height of the building is 54.64 m.

Let AB be the lighthouse.

Let the two ships be C
and D such that ADB = 36^{o}
and ACB = 48^{o}

(i) If the ships are on the same side of the light house,

then distance between the two ships = BD - BC = 48 m

(ii) If the ships are on the opposite sides of the light house,

then distance between the two ships = BD + BC = 228 m

Let AB and CD be the two towers of height h m.

Let P be a point in the
roadway BD such that BD = 150 m, APB
= 60^{o} and CPD = 30^{o}

Hence, height of the pillars is 64.95 m.

The point is from the first pillar.

That is the position of the point is from the first pillar.

The position of the point is 37.5 m from the first pillar.

Let AB be the tower of height h m.

Let the two points be C
and D such that CD = 30 m, ADE
= 45^{o} and ACB = 60^{o}

Hence, height of the tower is 70.98 m

(ii)

The horizontal distance from the points of observation is BC = 40.98 m

Let AB be the cliff and CD be the tower.

Here AB = 60 m, ADE = 30^{o}
and ACB = 60^{o}

Hence, height of the tower is 40 m.

Let AB be the cliff and
C and D be the two positions of the boat such that ADE = 30^{o}
and ACB = 60^{o}

Let speed of the boat be x metre per minute and let the boat reach the shore after t minutes more.

Therefore, CD = 3x m ; BC = tx m

Hence, the boat takes an extra 1.5 minutes to reach the shore.

And, if the height of cliff is 500 m, the speed of the boat is 3.21 m/sec

Let AB be the
lighthouse and C and D be the two positions of the boat such that AB = 150 m,
ADB = 45^{o}
and ACB = 60^{o}

Let speed of the boat be x metre per minute.

Therefore, CD = 2x m ;

Hence, the speed of the boat is 0.53 m/sec

Let AB be the tree of
height 'h' m and BC be the width of the river. Let D be the point on the
opposite bank of tree such that CD = 40 m. Here ADB = 30^{o}
and ACB = 60^{o}

Let speed of the boat be x metre per minute.

Hence, height of the tree is 34.64 m and width of the river is 20 m.

Let AB and CD be the two towers

The height of the first tower is AB = 160 m

The horizontal distance between the two towers is

BD = 75 m

And the angle of
depression of the first tower as seen from the top of the second tower is ACE = 45^{o}.

Hence, height of the other tower is 85 m

Let AB be the tower and
C and D are two points such that CD = 2y m, ADB = 45^{o}
and ACB = 30^{o}

Hence, height of the tower is m.

Let A be the aeroplane and B be the observer on the ground. The vertical height will be AC = 1 km = 1000 m. After 10 seconds, let the aeroplane be at point D.

Let the speed of the aeroplane be x m/sec.

CE = 10x

Hence, speed of the aeroplane is 415.67 km/hr.

Let AB be the hill of
height 'h' km and C and D be the two consecutive stones such that CD = 1 km, ACB = 30^{o}
and ADB = 45^{o}.

Hence, the two stones are at a distance of 1.366 km and 2.366 km from the foot of the hill.

## Selina Concise Mathematics - Part II Solution for Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 22 - Heights and Distances Page/Excercise 22(C)

Given, CA = CB = 15 cm, ACB = 131^{o}

Drop a perpendicular CP from centre C to the chord AB.

Then CP bisects ACB as well as chord AB.

Let AB be the vertical tower and C and D be two points such that CD = 192 m. Let ACB = and ADB = .

Hence, the height of the tower is 180 m.

Let AB be the tower of height x metre, surmounted by a vertical flagstaff AD. Let C be a point on the plane such that and AD = h.

Let AD be the height of the man, AD = 2 m.

Let AB be the tower of height h metres.

Let C and D be two points on the level ground such that BC = b metres, BD = a metres, .

Let AB be the tower of height 20 m.

Let be the angle of elevation of the top of the tower from point C.

Let AB be the tree and AC be the width of the river. Let D be a point such that CD = 50 m. Given that

Let AB be the tower and CD be the pole.

Then

Let A be a point 36 m above the surface of the lake and B be the position of the bird. Let B' be the image of the bird in the water.

Let AB be a building and M and N are the two positions of the man which makes angles of elevation of top of building as 30^{o} and 60^{o }respectively.

MN = 60 m

Let AB = h and NB = x m

Let AB represent the lighthouse.

Let the two ships be at points D and C having angle of depression 30° and 40° respectively.

Let x be the distance between the two ships.

The distance between the two ships is 43 m.

Let A be the position of the airplane and let BC be the river. Let D be the point in BC just below the airplane.

B and C be two boats on the opposite banks of the river with angles of depression 60° and 45° from A.

## Selina Concise Mathematics X Class 10 Chapter Solutions

- Chapter 1 - Value Added Tax
- Chapter 2 - Banking (Recurring Deposit Accounts)
- Chapter 3 - Shares and Dividends
- Chapter 4 - Linear Inequations (in one variable)
- Chapter 5 - Quadratic Equations
- Chapter 6 - Solving (simple) Problmes (Based on Quadratic Equations)
- Chapter 7 - Ratio and Proportion (Including Properties and Uses)
- Chapter 8 - Remainder And Factor Theorems
- Chapter 9 - Matrices
- Chapter 10 - Arithmetic Progression
- Chapter 11 - Geometric Progression
- Chapter 12 - Reflection (In x-axis, y-axis, x=a, y=a and the origin ; Invariant Points)
- Chapter 13 - Section and Mid-Point Formula
- Chapter 14 - Equation of a Line
- Chapter 15 - Similarity (With Applications to Maps and Models)
- Chapter 16 - Loci (Locus and its Constructions)
- Chapter 17 - Circles
- Chapter 18 - Tangents and Intersecting Chords
- Chapter 19 - Constructions (Circles)
- Chapter 20 - Cylinder, Cone and Sphere (Surface Area and Volume)
- Chapter 21 - Trigonometrical Identities (Including Trigonometrical Ratios of Complementary Angles and Use of Four Figure Trigonometrical Tables)
- Chapter 22 - Heights and Distances
- Chapter 23 - Graphical Representation (Histograms and Ogives)
- Chapter 24 - Measures of Central Tendency (Mean, Median, Quartiles and Mode)
- Chapter 25 - Probability

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