INTER UNIVERSITY PRESS Solutions for Class 10 English Chapter 5 - God Lives in the Panch
Chapter 5 - God Lives in the Panch Passage 1
The passage refers to the friendship of Jumman Sheikh and Alagu Chowdhari. Their friendship was such that they not only tilled their lands together but also took care of each other's households when anyone was away.
Jumman's father had his own notions about bringing up a boy. He was of the opinion that one should be strict with boys because if you spared the rod you would spoil the boy.
Jumman's father practised his precept of strict upbringing with his son right from the start. The result was such that there was no one in the village who could draft a petition or draw up a deed like Jumman could. On the other hand, Alagu's father believed getting one's teacher's blessings by keeping him happy was the only way of succeeding in life. Alagu did not gain much learning by this approach.
Alagu's father thought that a teacher's blessing could transform the student into a fine scholar and that there was no better way of getting his good grace than by keeping his 'hookah' fresh and feeding his 'chillum' regularly.
Chapter 5 - God Lives in the Panch Passage 2
Jumman had a maternal aunt who transferred her property to him by a deed with an understanding that he would look after her well. However, Jumman and his wife started ill-treating her after receiving the property. Jumman's wife abused and humiliated her frequently. Finally, the aunt lost her patience and spoke to Jumman about the behaviour of his wife.
Jumman refused to believe his aunt when she told him that his wife was not looking after her well. He remained passive and even refused to give her an allowance so that she could set up her own kitchen in the house.
Jumman's aunt threatened to go to the panch to seek justice if he refused to treat her well. Jumman thought her to be ridiculous when she made this threat as he thought that the panch would surely pass the judgement in his favour. There was no one in the village whom he had not done a favour.
Jumman always wanted to get hold of his aunt's property. Before she signed the deed, he was a dotting nephew and anticipated and carried out her every wish. However, the moment the papers were signed, he turned indifferent to the old woman. He wanted the property but he was not ready to shoulder the responsibility of the old woman. He and his wife were disgruntled with the little food the aunt ate and found it impossible to keep her well.
Chapter 5 - God Lives in the Panch Passage 3
The old woman went from villager to villager leaning on her poor staff telling about her miserable condition to anyone sparing her some time. Although her old age and weak body made it difficult for her to move around, she was on a mission to make her woes known to everyone before she approached the panchayat.
She wanted Alagu to attend the panchayat when her matter came up. Alagu told her that he would attend the panchayat but wouldn't participate in the proceedings owing to his relations with Jumman. At this, the old lady advised him to act as his conscience would deem appropriate.
Alagu had very good relations with Jumman. He thought that if he attended the panchayat and said anything that was not in favour of Jumman then their friendship would suffer.
Jumman's aunt said to Alagu that when his conscience is challenged and woken up, he would find out that it puts up with nothing that is unfair. These words of the old woman kept ringing in his ears.
Chapter 5 - God Lives in the Panch Passage 4
The speaker in the given extract is Jumman's maternal aunt.
The place where the panchayat was going to be held presented a strange sight. The panchayat was going to be held in the evening and Jumman welcomed the guests as they came one by one. A carpet was spread and a good supply was provided of pan, elaichi and hookahs. Live charcoal was kept glowing in one corner to feed the 'chillums' as it was constantly demanded by the guests.
The old woman, Jumman's maternal aunt, had transferred her property to Jumman three years ago. In return Jumman had promised to take care of her. However, for a long time, she was being subjected to abuse, insults, and nagging by his wife apart from being denied basic necessities like food and clothing. Jumman too, had become indifferent to her. The old aunt therefore pleaded for justice in front of the panchayat.
Juman was the nephew of the old woman.
Apart from the members of the panch, Alagu, who stood at the far end of the scene and several people who nursed a grievance against Jumman were present at the panchayat.
Chapter 5 - God Lives in the Panch Passage 5
The above words are uttered by Jumman's aunt at the panchayat when Jumman comes across as an egotistical fool. The aunt tries to explain to him that the village panchayat is non-biased and its voice is the voice of God. Everyone is equal in front of the panch and that its decision will be in the best interest of everyone.
The Aunt proposed Alagu as her nominee to be the head panch because she knew that Alagu had a strong conscience that would never falter or crumble under pressure.
When Alagu's name was announced as the nominee by the old aunt, Jumman couldn't believe his luck. Since Alagu was his very good friend, he assumed that he would obviously favour him before the panchayat.
When Alagu was chosen as the aunt's nominee, Ramadhan Mishra and the others who were opposed to Jumman cursed the old woman for her folly in their heart of hearts.
Chapter 5 - God Lives in the Panch Passage 6
Jumman was stunned because he was shocked to find Alagu, his friend talking in favour of his aunt instead of him. He had expected the decision of the panchayat to be in his favour as he and Alagu were close friends.
Alagu and the other members of the panchayat came to the conclusion that Jumman was liable to pay his aunt a fixed monthly allowance out of the realization from her property. Alagu further said that if Jumman failed to oblige by the judgement, the deed which transferred the aunt's property to him would be deemed void.
Alagu's friendship was tested during the panchayat meeting. Both Alagu and Jumman were friends since childhood. Jumman had considered his case already won when he realised that Alagu was chosen as the nominee by his aunt. However, he hadn't imagined that Alagu would go against him and pass a judgement against him. In doing so, however, Alagu proved that justice was above everything else.
When they heard the panchayat's decision, Ramadhan Mishra and the other members of the panchayat couldn't stop praising Alagu for his sense of fairness and justice.
Chapter 5 - God Lives in the Panch Passage 7
Samhju Sahu was a cart-driver who wanted to buy Alagu's bullock.
Samjhu negotiated for the purchase of Alagu's bullock on the understanding that he would pay the price in a month's time.
Samjhu had a business of transporting commodities from the village to the town. With the proceeds of their sale he brought back to the village goods that were unavailable in the village. Alagu's bullock was strong and sturdy. If Samjhu were to buy it, his business would definitely benefit a great deal from it. Instead of just one trip to the town per day, he would be able to make at least three to four trips in a single day.
Chapter 5 - God Lives in the Panch Passage 8
All those whom Alagu had displeased supported Sahu when the news that Sahu had refused to pay Alagu spread.
Sahu has purchased a bullock from Alagu on the condition that he would pay him within a month. However, Sahu overworked the animal so much that one day it died on its way to the village. Sahu suffered a loss as all his goods worth hundreds were lost. As a result, he turned away from his promise to pay Alagu.
Alagu was ill-treated by Sahu whenever he approached him for the unpaid price of the bullock. Not only Sahu, but also his wife behaved badly with Alagu. Whenever he went to Sahu's home to ask for his money, she along with Sahu would abuse, curse and humiliate Alagu.
Alagu and Sahu were advised by the village crowd that they approach the village panchayat to get a fair decision on their quarrel.
Chapter 5 - God Lives in the Panch Passage 9
Sahu chose Jumman as the head of the panchayat during the proceedings of their trail. In an earlier decision by the panch, Jumman was held guilty by Alagu as the head of the panch. Now, when he was one of the disputed party, he realised that Jumman was likely to take revenge of what he had done to him during the earlier trial.
Ramdhan Misra was one of the members of the panchayat and a friend of Alagu. When Sahu nominated Jumman as the head of the panch, Ramdhan sensed that Alagu might be tensed and asked him if he had problem with Sahu's nomination.
Alagu was too worried to pick the hint from Ramdhan's comment. He was unable to understand why his friend asked him if he would have a problem with Jumman as the head of the panch.
Chapter 5 - God Lives in the Panch Passage 10
Jumman is referring to Alagu as his sworn enemy in the given extract. In a trail as a head panch, Alagu had to give a decision against Jumman, his close friend. This incident created a rift between the two friends and they started avoided confrontation with each other. Since Alagu favoured Jumman's aunt over him during the panchayat trail, Jumman started harbouring feelings of hatred for Alagu.
After the trail, Jumman ruled in favour of Alagu, despite breeding hatred for him. When the result was announced, Alagu was elated on being served justice it is at that point that Jumman realised that when a person becomes a part of the panch, his only duty is to administer justice without favouring personal relationships or feelings.
Both Jumman and Alagu had a common outlook towards justice and fairness, which is the very reason why none of them faltered while giving their decisions for the panchayat. After the second trail, Alagu broke into tears on Jumman's shoulders. Jumman too confessed to having harboured ill feelings for Alagu after the first trail, where he was asked to take care of his old aunt. However, he understood that the panchayat speaks the voice of God and that there are no favours or special treatments. At the end, both the friends forgot what had happened and became friends again.
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