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ICSE Class 10 Geography Previous Year Question Paper 2021

Geography is about exploring places from resources, environmental diversity, climate, transport, geographical issues and much more. Additionally, through ICSE Class 10 Geography chapters, students understand India's Geography in detail.

On TopperLearning, we will provide study materials for all Geography chapters, including 'Interpretation of Topographical Maps', 'Climate', 'Natural Vegetation', 'Manufacturing Industries' and much more. Get detailed notes and solve question papers written as per the ICSE guidelines by expert Geography teachers. 

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The ICSE Class 10 Social Science Geography syllabus has 12 chapters. Score well in exams with study materials, especially with ICSE Class 10 Test for each ICSE Geography chapter.

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Question 1

Refer to the image and answer the questions that follows:                                                                              [1]

What do the black curved line in 3530 indicate?
  1. Open Scrub
  2. Dry land.
  3. Broken ground
  4. Seasonal Stream
Question 2
Refer to the image and answer the questions that follows:                                                                                [1]
What is the direction of Dadra from Doha?
  1. North east
  2. North west
  3. South east
  4. South west


Question 3

Refer to the image and answer the questions that follows:                                                                             [1]

What is .7r in 4833?

  1. Relative bright of 7 m.
  2. Relative Height of 7 cm.
  3. Relative depth of 7 cm.
  4. Relative depth of 7 m.
Question 4
Refer to the image and answer the questions that follows:                                                                               [1]
What mode of transport is used by the people of Malawa and Dantrai?
  1. Foot Path
  2. Cart track
  3. Pack Track
  4. Railway
Question 5
Refer to the image and answer the questions that follows:                                                                             [1]
What is the main occupation of the people living in the area shown on the eastern part?
  1. Mining
  2. Agriculture
  3. Forestry
  4. Sheep rearing
Question 6
Refer to the image and answer the questions that follows:                                                                             [1]
What is the social significance of Idarla?
  1. Idarla is larger than other settlements.
  2. Idarla is closer to Dantrai.
  3. Annual fair at Idarla.
  4. Idarla is the largest settlement.
Question 7
Refer to the image and answer the questions that follows:                                                                             [1]
What does the number 200 in grid square 4932 represent?
  1. A line of latitude.
  2. A line of longitude.
  3. Contour height.
  4. Spot height.
Question 8
Refer to the image and answer the questions that follows:                                                                                [1]
With reference to the scale given on topographical map (2cm = 1 km), what is the area of the land enclosed between 48 to 50 easting and 28 to 31 northings?
  1. 06 sq. m.
  2. 06 sq. km.
  3. 60 sq. km.
  4. 60 sq. m.
Question 9
What does nearness of contour lines indicate?                                                                                                 [1]
  1. It indicates steep slope.
  2. It indicates gentle slope.
  3. It indicates desert area.
  4. It indicates irregular area.
Question 10
Which scale out of the following that is printed is the topographical map, is considered a special scale?                [1]
  1. Statement Scale.
  2. Representative fraction.
  3. Liner Scale.
  4. Graphical Scale.
Question 11
With Reference to winner rain in India answer the following:
i. Western disturbances provide rain to which of the following States?                                                              [1]
  1. Punjab
  2. Sikkim
  3. West Bengal
  4. Maharashtra
ii. Which of the following cause rain to Coromandel Coast?                                                                               [1]
  1. Retreating Monsoon
  2. Kal Baisakhi
  3. Western disturbances
  4. South west Monsoons.
Question 12
Westerly depressions are active in India during which of the following months?                                               [1]
  1. Between September and November
  2. Between December and January
  3. Between June and September
  4. Between March and May
Question 13
Study the following data and answer the questions that follows:
i. What is the annual range of temperature experienced by the station?                                                          [1]
  1. 20° C
  2. 10° C
  3. 16° C
  4. 21° C
ii. Which according to the given data is the driest month?                                                                             [1]
  1. March
  2. April
  3. May
  4. June
Question 14
Why is the central part of Deccan plateau a dry area?                                                                                    [1]
  1. It is away from the sea.
  2. There is no barrier in the path of rain berating wind
  3. It is due to Jet Streams
  4. It is a rain shadow area of Western Ghats.
Question 15
Why does Patna get more rain then Agra during the summer monsoon season?                                                [1]
  1. Patna lies on windward side
  2. Patna is on western side so Arabian Sea branch brings more rain to it than to Agra
  3. Patna is on eastern side, So Bay of Bengal branch brings more rain to it than to Agra
  4. Patna gets rain throughout the year
Question 16
Which of the statement is not correct for Indian monsoon?                                                                             [1]
  1. It is erratic in nature.
  2. It is seasonal in nature.
  3. Most of the rain is in winter time
  4. Most of the rain is orographic or relief type.
Question 17
With reference to methods of prevention of soil erosion answer the following:                                                 [1]
i. Name the method used to prevent soil erosion by running water.
  1. Terrance farming
  2. Strip cropping
  3. Shelter belts
  4. Leaving the land fallow
ii. Name the method used to prevent soil erosion by wind.                                                                           [1]
  1. Contour ploughing
  2. Strip cropping
  3. Plugging of gullies
  4. Use of fertilizer
Question 18
i. Name the soil that is found in central Deccan plateau?                                                                             [1]
  1. Black Soil
  2. Alluvial Soil
  3. Red Soil
  4. Laterite Soil
ii. How is the soil named by you in (i) above formed?                                                                                   [1]
  1. Formed by the deposition of silt brought down by river.
  2. Formed by the weathering of lateritic rocks.
  3. Formed by the Weathering of basic lava rocks.
  4. Formed by the weathering of metamorphic rocks.
Question 19
Why is Laterite soil used in Goa and Kerala for the construction of houses?                                                   [1]
  1. It became hard when dry.
  2. This soil is generally coarse in texture and process in nature.
  3. It has more of clay content in it.
  4. It looks beautiful when used in buildings.
Question 20
Why are the foothills of Himalayas prone to excessive soil erosion?                                                              [1]
  1. Absence of crop cover.
  2. Too much of development of transportation.
  3. Large scale deforestation in past.
  4. Tourists are spreading pollutants in river.
Question 21
Name the soil that possesses the following characteristics:
i. Soil is generally confined to river basins.                                                                                                 [1]
  1. Black Soil
  2. Alluvial Soil
  3. Red Soil
  4. Laterite Soil
ii. Soil that becomes infertile because of desilication.                                                                                  [1]
  1. Black Soil
  2. Alluvial Soil
  3. Red Soil
  4. Laterite Soil
Question 22
The productive frictions of forest include:                                                                                                   [1]
  1. Habitual for the wildlife.
  2. Control the water flow.
  3. Provide various products such as timber. Fuel wood, leaves, etc.
  4. Producing oxygen.
Question 23
Which of the following pairs is correctly matched?                                                                                     [1]
  1. Babool – Tropical evergreen forest
  2. Sandalwood – Tropical deciduous forest
  3. Cinchona – Mountain Forest
  4. Sal – Tidal forest
Question 24
Name the type of Natural Vegetation that is found in the windward side of the Western Ghats:                      [1]
  1. Tropical Evergreen
  2. Tropical Deciduous
  3. Mangrove Forest
  4. Mountain Forest
Question 25
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of desert vegetation?                                                           [1]
  1. Short stunted growth of vegetation
  2. Thick fleshy stem
  3. Broad leaves
  4. Long and deep roots
Question 26
Why do we need forest conservation?                                                                                                      [1]
  1. Forests provide food for growing population.
  2. Forests helps in earing foreign exchange.
  3. Forests help in maintaining ecological balance.
  4. Forests look beautiful.
Question 27
During which month do we celebrate VAN MAHOTSAV every year in India?                                                 [1]
  1. In December to February time period.
  2. In July to September time period.
  3. In March to May time Period.
  4. In November to January time period.
Question 28
What is the term used to describe the growing of trees in various part of the country?                                [1]
  1. Re afforestation.
  2. Deforestation.
  3. Agronomy.
  4. Afforestation.
Question 29 
Why is there a need no conserve water in India?                                                                                     [1]
  1. A lot of water is polluted
  2. No water is found below the land in India
  3. Water is in abundance in India
  4. We receive lot of rain in summer
Question 30
What are the advantages of rain water harvesting?                                                                                    [1]
  1. Recharge of ground water and conservation of water
  2. Provide water through canals to the farms and its conservation
  3. It helps in harvesting of crops and its storage
  4. Provide water for multinational companies to produce packaged drinking water.
Question 31
Why is canal irrigation more popular in Northern Plains?                                                                             [1]
  1. The surface of land is almost flat and soft soil is easy to dig.
  2. To supply water to a number of cities in the plain area.
  3. Rocky surface of the plain in their construction.
  4. Rivers are seasonal and so canals are needed.
Question 32
Which of the following is correctly matched?                                                                                             [1]
  1. Tube well – Karnataka
  2. Tank – Punjab
  3. Lined well – Uttar Pradesh
  4. Canal – Mizoram
Question 33
Which of the following is NOT a suitable condition for the development of tank irrigation?                             [1]
  1. Presence of natural depressions.
  2. Permeable rock structure.
  3. Plenty of rain in rainy period.
  4. Hard subsurface rock structure.
Question 34
Which among the following is a ground water source?                                                                                [1]
  1. Spring 
  2. Pond
  3. River
  4. Lake
Question 35
What is the importance of “DRIP IRRIGATION”?                                                                                         [1]
  1. It is an ultra-modern system of irrigation.
  2. It is cheaper than other sources.
  3. It can irrigate more area with less usage of water.
  4. It is used by almost all farmers in India.

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