ICSE Class 10 Biology Previous Year Question Paper 2016
Biology is one of the crucial subjects in ICSE Class 10. ICSE Class 10 Biology speaks about the cell as the basic unit of life, genes, and evolution. It deals with how living organisms interact with the environment, including the behaviour of living beings. TopperLearning is one of the premier online platforms that helps students of ICSE Class 10 study various biology concepts.
All the content resources are carefully created by experienced and qualified faculty members who have handled students with their studies and aided in clarifying their academic doubts through the ‘UnDoubt’ platform. Get access to these crucial student-centric resources through ICSE Class 10 Plans.
ICSE Class 10 Test section consists of MCQs, SAQs types of questions, which will help boost the practice required for related exams.
(a) Name the following:
(i) The exchange of chromatid parts between the maternal and the paternal chromatids of a pair of homologous chromosomes during meiosis.
(ii) The number of individuals inhabiting per unit area.
(iii) The immunity acquired by providing readymade antibodies from outside for treating certain infectious diseases.
(iv) The pollutants that cannot be broken down to simple and harmless products.
(v) The part of the brain that carries impulses from one hemisphere of the cerebellum to the other.
(b) Choose the correct answer from each of the four options given below:
(i) A plant cell may burst when:
A. Turgor pressure equalises wall pressure.
B. Turgor pressure exceeds wall pressure.
C. Wall pressure exceeds turgor pressure.
D. None of the above
(ii) The individual flattened stacks of membranous structures inside the chloroplasts are known as :
(iii) The nephrons discharge their urine at the :
A. Urinary bladder
C. Renal pelvis
D. Renal pyramid
(iv) Gigantism and Acromegaly are due to :
A. Hyposecretion of Thyroxine
B. Hyposecretion of Growth hormone
C. Hypersecretion of Thyroxine
D. Hypersecretion of Growth hormone
(v) The mineral ion needed for the formation of blood clot is :
(c) In each set of terms given below, there is an odd one and cannot be grouped in the same category to which the other three belong. Identify the odd erm in each set and name the category to which the remaining three belong.
Example : ovary, Fallopian tube, Ureter, Uterus.
Odd term : Ureter
Category : Parts of female reproductive system.
(i) Sewage, newspaper, Styrofoam, Hay.
(ii) Thymine, Cytosine, Adenine, Pepsin.
(iii) Malleus, iris, Stapes, Incus.
(iv) Cortisone, Somatotropin, Adrenocorticotropic hormone, Vasopression.
(v) Typhoid, Haemophilia, Albinism, Colour blindness.
(d) Complete the following paragraph by filling in the blanks (i) to (v) with appropriate words:
(i) _____________ secreted by the (ii) _____________ lobe of the pituitary gland. If this hormone secretion is reduced, there is an increased production of urine. This disorder is called (iii) ____________. Sometimes excess glucose is passed with urine due to hyposecretion of another hormone called (iv) _____________ leading to the cause of a disease called (v) ______________.
(e) State the exact location of the following structures:
(ii) Chordae tendinae
(iii) Thyroid gland
(iv) Ciliary body
(v) Proximal convoluted tubule.
(f) Given below is a diagram depicting a defect of the human eye, study the same and then answer the questions that follow:
(i) Name the defect shown in the diagram.
(ii) What are the two possible that cause this defect?
(iii) Name the type of lens used to correct this defect.
(iv) With the help of a diagram show how the defect shown above is rectified using a suitable lens.
(g) Given in the box below are a set of 14 biological terms. Of these, 12 can be paired into 6 matching pairs. Out of the six pairs, one has been done for you as an example.
Example : endosmosis - Turgid cell.
Identify the remaining five matching pairs :
|Cushing’s syndrome, Turgid cell, Iris, Free of rod and cone cells, Colour of eyes, Hypoglycemia, Active transport, Acrosome, Addison’s disease, Blind spot, Hyperglycemia, Spermatozoa, Endosmosis, Clotting of blood.|
(h) State the main function of the following :
(i) Lymphocytes of blood
(ii) Leydig cells
(iii) Guard cells
(iv) Eustachian tube
(v) Corpus luteum
(a) The figure given below is a diagrammatic representation of a part of the cross section of the root in the root hair zone. Study the same and then answer the questions that follow :
(i) Name the parts indicated by the guidelines 1 to 4.
(ii) Which is the process that enables the passage of water from the soil into the root hair?
(iii) Name the pressure that is responsible for the movement of water in the direction indicated by the arrows. Define it.
(iv) Due to an excess of this pressure sometimes drops of water are found along the leaf margins of some plants especially in the early mornings. What is the phenomenon called?
(v) Draw a well labelled diagram of the root hair cell as it would appear if an excess of fertiliser is added to the soil close to it.
(b) Differentiate between the following pairs on the basis of what is mentioned within brackets :
(i) Human skin cell and Human ovum (number of chromosomes).
(ii) Sperm duct and fallopian rube (function)
(iii) Red Cross and WHO (one activity)
(iv) Rod cells and cone cells (pigment)
(v) LUBB and DUP (names of the valves whose closure produce the sound)
(a) Given below is the outline of the human body showing the important glands :
(i) Name the glands marked 1 to 4.
(ii) Name the hormone secreted by part 2. Give one important function of this hormone.
(iii) Name the endocrine part of the numbered 3.
(iv) Why is the part labelled I called the master gland? Which part of the forebrain controls the gland labelled I?
(v) Name the gland that secretes the ‘emergency hormone’.
(b) The diagram of an given below demonstrates a particular process in plants. Study the same and answer the questions that follow :
(i) Name the apparatus.
(ii) Which phenomenon is demonstrated by this apparatus?
(iii) Explain the phenomenon mentioned in (ii) above.
(iv) State two limitations of using this apparatus.
(v) What is the importance of the air bubble in the experiment?
(vi) Name the structures in a plant through which the above process takes place.
(i) Draw a well labelled diagram of the membranous labyrinth found in the inner car.
(ii) Based on the diagram drawn above in (i) give a suitable term for each of the following descriptions :
1. The sensory cells that helps in hearing.
2. The part that is responsible for static balance of the body.
3. The membrane covered opening that connects the middle car to the inner car.
4. The fluid present in the middle chamber of cochlea.
5. The structure that maintains dynamic equilibrium of the body.
(b) Give the Biological/technical term for the following:
(i) Complete stoppage of menstrual cycle in females.
(ii) Pigment providing colour to urine.
(iii) The vein which drains the blood from the intestine to the liver.
(iv) The canal through which the testes descend into the scrotum just before the birth of a male baby.
(v) The process causing an undesirable change in the environment.
(vi) The removal of nitrogenous wastes from the body.
(vii) The repeating components of each DNA strand lengthwise.
(viii) An alteration in the genetic material that can be inherited.
(ix) The process of uptake of mineral ions against the concentration gradient using energy from the cell.
(x) Blood vessels carrying blood to the left atrium.
(a) The given diagram shows a stage during mitotic division in an animal cell :
(i) Identify the stage. Give a reason to support your answer.
(ii) Draw a neat labelled diagram of the cell as it would appear in the next stage. Name the stage.
(iii) In what two ways is mitotic division in an animal cell different from the mitotic division in a plant cell?
(iv) Name the type of cell division that occurs during :
A. Growth of a shoot
B. Formation of pollen grains.
(b) Give scientific reasons for the following statements :
(i) Colour blindness is more common in men than in women.
(ii) Injury to medulla oblongata leads to death.
(iii) When an ovum gets fertilized, menstrual cycle stops temporarily in a woman.
(iv) Mature erythrocytes in humans lack nucleus and mitochondria.
(v) Blood flows in arteries in spurts and is under pressure.
(a) The diagram given below is that of a developing human foetus. Study the diagram and then answer the questions that follow:
(i) Label the parts numbered 1 to 3 in the diagram.
(ii) Mention any two functions of the part labelled 2 in the diagram.
(iii) Explain the significance of the part numbered 3 in the diagram.
(iv) Define the term ‘Gestation’. What is the normal gestational period of the developing human embryo?
(v) Mention the sex chromosomes in a male and female embryo.
(b) The following diagram demonstrates a physiological process taking place in green plants. The whole set up was placed in bright sunlight for several hours. Study the diagram and answer the questions that follow :
(i) What aspect of the physiological process is being examined?
(ii) Explain the physiological process mentioned in (i) above.
(iii) Label the parts numbered 1 and 2 in the diagram.
(iv) Write a well-balanced chemical equation for the physiological process explained in (ii) above.
(v) What would happen to the rate of bubbling of the gas if a pinch of sodium bicarbonate is added to the water in the beaker? Explain your answer.
(a) A homozygous tall plant (T) bearing red coloured (R) flowers is crossed with a homozygous dwarf (t) plant bearing white (r) flowers :-
(i) Give the genotype and phenotype of the plants of F1 generation.
(ii) Mention the possible combinations of the gametes that can be obtained from the F1 hybrid plant.
(iii) State the Mendel’s law of Independent Assortment.
(iv) Mention the phenotypes of the off springs obtained in F2 generation.
(v) What is the phenotypic ratio obtained in F2 generation?
(b) Briefly explain the following terms:
(i) Reflex action
(ii) Power of accommodation
(i) Crossing over
(iii) Passive acquired immunity
(iv) Non-biodegradable wastes
(i) C. Wall pressure exceeds turgor pressure
(The cell wall is unable to bear the turgor pressure after a certain time; it ruptures and the cell contents burst out.)
(ii) C. Thylakoids
(The individual flattened stacks of membrane material inside the chloroplast are known as thylakoids.)
(iii) C. Renal pelvis
(From the renal pelvis, urine is transported out of the kidneys through the ureters, tubes which carry the urine out of each kidney, to be stored in the urinary bladder.)
(iv) D. Hypersecretion of growth hormone
(Oversecretion or hypersecretion in childhood results in gigantism. Hypersecretion in adults causes acromegaly.)
(v) C. Calcium
(Calcium is necessary for blood clotting.)
Please note that the information provided in brackets is to help you in your learning. It does not have to be included in your answer.
(i) Odd term: Styrofoam
Category: Biodegradable materials
(ii) Odd term: Pepsin
Category: Nitrogenous bases of DNA
(iii) Odd term: Iris
Category: Parts of human ear (middle ear)
(iv) Odd term: Cortisone
Category: Hormones of the pituitary gland
(v) Odd term: Typhoid
Category: Genetic disorders
(i) Anti-diuretic hormone (ADH)
(iii) Diabetes insipidus
(v) Blood pressure
(i) At the centre of the chromosome joining the sister chromatids
(ii) Between tricuspid/bicuspid valves and papillary muscles of the heart
(iii) Base of the neck (below larynx)
(iv) Between iris and choroid (composed of ciliary muscles)
(v) Convoluted region near the Bowman’s capsule
(ii) Two possible reasons are
- Eye ball is lengthened from front to back.
- Lens is too curved.
(iii) Concave lens
(i) Blind spot: Free of rods and cones
(ii) Acrosome: Spermatozoa
(iii) Iris: Colour of eyes
(iv) Addison’s disease: Hypoglycemia
(v) Cushing’s syndrome: Hyperglycemia
(i) Defend the body against cancerous cells, pathogens and foreign matter
(ii) Produce male sex hormone called testosterone
(iii) Help to regulate the rate of transpiration by opening and closing of stomata
(iv) Equalises air pressure on either sides of the eardrum allowing it to vibrate freely
(v) Responsible for the secretion of the hormones oestrogen and progesterone in females
(i) 1: Root hair, 2: Soil particle, 3: Xylem vessel, 4: Vacuoles
(ii) Osmosis is the process which enables the passage of water from the soil into root hair.
(iii) Root pressure is responsible for the movement of water. It is the pressure developed in the roots because of the inflow of water.