ICSE Class 10 Chemistry Organic Chemistry Hydrocarbons
Introduction to Hydrocarbons
Tetravalency and catenation have rendered carbon, a unique element.
Hydrocarbons are organic compounds containing carbon and hydrogen only and can be classified into saturated and unsaturated compounds.
Hydrocarbons having same molecular formula but different structure are called isomers.
Alcohols and Carboxylic Acids
Carboxylic acids are group of organic compounds containing carboxyl group (-COOH) attached to carbon atom.
Esters are sweet smelling organic compounds obtained from reaction of alcohols and carboxylic acids.
Conversion of esters into alcohols and acids is called saponification.
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