# FRANK Solutions for Class 9 Physics Chapter 8 - Electricity and Magnetism - Current Electricity

Prepare for your exam with Frank Solutions for ICSE Class 9 Physics Chapter 8 Electricity and Magnetism – Current Electricity. Revise concepts including the electric cell, electric current, resistance, rheostat and more, with TopperLearning’s model answers. Learn to write the symbols of battery, ammeter, cell and other components of an electric circuit.

Understand and revise the factors that influence the resistance of a wire by exploring our learning portal’s ICSE Class 9 Physics Frank textbook solutions. For any doubts related to concepts based on electricity, check out our ‘UnDoubt’ platform and get answers from our academic experts.

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## Chapter 8 - Electricity and Magnetism - Current Electricity Exercise 312

Question 1
What do you mean by an electric current?
Solution 1
The flow of electrons in a particular direction in a conductor is called an electric current.
Question 2
What is an electric cell?
Solution 2
An electric cell is the source of electric current in which chemical energy changes to electrical energy.
Question 3
How much is the charge on an electron?
Solution 3
The charge on an electron is -1.6 x 10-19C.
Question 4
Name the constituents of a cell.
Solution 4
The constituents of cell are two electrodes in the form of conducting rods immersed in the solution called electrolyte.
Question 5
Write SI units of
(i) Electric current,
(ii) Potential difference,
(iii) Resistance.
Solution 5
(i) S. I unit of electric current is Ampere
(ii) S.I unit of potential difference is volt.
(iii) S.I unit of resistance is ohm.
Question 6
What is the number of electrons that would flow per second through the cross-section of a wire when 1 A current flows in it?
Solution 6
I = 1A
T = 1s.
I = Q/t = ne/t
So, n = I . t / e = 1 . (1 / 1.6 x 10-19) = 6.25 x 1018 electrons.
Question 7
0.7 C charges passes through a cross-section of a conductor in 7 s. Find the current.
Solution 7
I = Q/t  = 0.7 / 7 = 0.1 Ampere.
Question 8
Name the instrument used to control current in an electric circuit.
Solution 8
Rheostat is used to control the current in the circuit.

## Chapter 8 - Electricity and Magnetism - Current Electricity Exercise 313

Question 9
What is the other name of a variable resistor?
Solution 9
Rheostat is the variable name of electrical resistance.
Question 10
What is the function of a switch in an electric circuit?
Solution 10
Switch is used to put the current on and off in the circuit.
Question 11
Write symbols and state functions of each of the following components in an electric circuit:
(i) Cell
(ii) ammeter
(iii) voltmeter
(iv) key
(v) battery
(vi) rheostat
Solution 11 Question 12
A current of 1.2 A flows through a conductor for 3.0 s. What amount of charge passes through the conductor?
Solution 12
I = Q/ t So, Q = I .t  = 1.2 x 3.0  = 3.6 C.
Question 13 Solution 13
A - is a voltmeter to measure the potential difference, B is an electric resistance to control the current in the circuit , C is the ammeter to measure the magnitude of an electric current, D is cell to provide electric current in circuit, E is an electric key to on and off the circuit, F is the rheostat to control the current in circuit.
Question 14 Solution 14
The slope of the graph represents that with current flowing through a conductor is directly proportional to the potential difference applied the resistance of conductor is constant.
Question 15
What do you mean by the potential difference? Write its SI unit.
Solution 15
Potential difference between two conductors is defined as the amount of work done in moving the unit positive charge from one conductor to another through the wire.
Question 16
Is electric current a scalar quantity?
Solution 16
Yes, electric current is a scalar quantity.
Question 17
State the factors on which the electrical resistance of a wire depends.
Solution 17
The electric resistance of the wire depends on the following factors :
(i)The length of the wire.
(ii)The area of cross-section of the wire.
(iii)The temperature of the wire.
(iv)The material of the wire.
Question 18
What is the SI unit of resistance?
Solution 18
The S.I unit of resistance is ohm.
Question 19
A bulb is connected to a cell. How is the resistance of circuit affected if another identical bulb is connected (i) in series, (ii) in parallel, with the first bulb?
Solution 19
If another bulb is connected in series then the resistance of the wire will increase.
If another bulb is connected in parallel then resistance will decrease.
Question 20
How are the potential difference (V), current (I) and resistance (R) related?
Solution 20
V = I R.
Question 21
'The resistance of a wire is 2 ohm'. Explain the meaning of this statement.
Solution 21
The resistance of the wire is 2 ohms if a current of 1 ampere flows through it when the potential difference across it is 2 volt.
Question 22 Solution 22
The current I = V/R = 14/28 = 0.5 Ampere.
Question 23
State three factors on which the resistance of a wire depends. Explain, how does the resistance depend on the factors stated by you.
Solution 23
The factors on which resistance of the wire depends are :
(i) The length of the wire , resistance is directly proportional to the length of wire.
(ii) The cross-section of the wire , resistance is inversely proportional to the cross-section of the wire.
(iii) The temperature of the wire , resistance of wire is directly proportional to the temperature of the wire.
(iv) The material of the wire (good conductors possess less resistance.)
Question 24
What amount of work is required in moving 3 C charge through a potential difference of 6 V?
Solution 24
W = V.Q = 6. 3 = 18Joule.
Question 25
What is the physical meaning of resistance?
Solution 25
The resistance of the conductor is the property due to which it opposes the flow of current in it.
Question 26
'The potential difference between two conductors is 1 volt'. Explain, the meaning of this statement.
Solution 26
The potential difference between two points is 1 volt if the work done in transferring 1 coulomb of charge from one point to another point is 1 joule.

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