Paradox is a statement that appears self-contradictory but is actually found to be true. With reference to science, paradox is considered to be an argument which gives a contradictory conclusion.
Here are few examples which will help you to understand paradoxes.
- Paradox of enrichment: Increasing the food available to an ecosystem may lead to instability, and even to extinction.
- Paradox of the pesticides: Applying pesticide to a pest may increase the pest's abundance.
- C-value enigma: Genome size does not correlate with the complexity of the organisms. For example, some unicellular organisms have genomes much larger than that of humans.